doi:

DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2011.01650

Acta Agronomica Sinica (作物学报) 2011/37:9 PP.1650-1659

Effects of Nitrogen Application Strategy and Cultivation Model on the Per-formances of Canopy Apparent Photosynthesis of Indica Hybrid Rice Eryou 498 during Filling Stage


Abstract:
A field experiment was conducted at Wenjiang and Hanyuan using indica hybrid rice Eryou 498. With the cultivation models including wide-narrow row spacing cultivation, triangle cultivation, spreading planting by expanding row spacing and reducing plant space, scattered planting cultivation. The results indicated that with the increase of N application at booting stage, canopy light transmittance performance improved, population quality index including single stem and sheath weight in heading, the ratio of leaf area of productive tillers and ratio of leaf area from flag leaf to 3rd leaf from top of productive tillers increased, leaf area index (LAI) and ratio of canopy respiration to total canopy apparent photosynthesis (CR/TCAP) decreased slightly, ca- nopy apparent photosynthesis (CAP) increased first and decreased afterwards at Wenjiang, but showed decreasing trend at Hanyuan. When nitrogen fertilizer was applied at 60% before transplanting, 30% at tillering, and 10% at booting, it was beneficial to improving canopy light transmittance performance and population quality for wide-narrow row spacing cultivation and triangle cultivation, their CAP increased on the premise of no increasing in CR/TCAP, their ability of photosynthetic production improved at last. When nitrogen fertilizer was applied at 50% before transplanting, 30% at tillering, and 20% at booting, the increasing range of canopy light transmittance performance and population quality for spreading planting by expanding row spacing and reducing plant space was greater than that of other cultivation models, its CAP was higher than that of other cultivation models, but CR/TCAP did not increase at the same time, even decreased somewhat, so its capacity of photosynthetic production was higher than that of other cultivation models. When nitrogen fertilizer was applied at 40% before transplanting, 10% at tillering, and 50% at booting, scattered planting cultivation was propitious to improving population quality and interception of light, it had obvious advantages in photosynthetic production by increasing CAP during middle-late period of filling stage and decreasing CR/TCAP, but there was no advantage in photosynthetic production if temperature and light conditions was improved. From above, it was suggested that improving capacity of photosynthetic production should adopt suitable nitrogen application strategy according to ecological condition and cultivation model.

Key words:Ecological condition,Cultivation models,Nitrogen application strategy,Canopy characteristics,Photosynthetic production

ReleaseDate:2014-07-21 15:58:20



[1] Venkateswarlu B, Visperas R M. Source-sink relationships in crop plants. Int Rice Res Paper Ser, 1987, 125: 1–19

[2] Ling Q-H(凌启鸿). Crop Population Quality (作物群体质量). Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, 2000. pp 42–210 (in Chinese)

[3] Zhou K-D(周开达), Ma Y-Q(马玉清), Liu T-Q(刘太清), Shen M-S(沈茂松). The breeding of subspecific heavy ear hybrid rice-exploration about super-high yield breeding of hybrid rice. J Sichuan Agric Univ (四川农业大学学报), 1995, 13(4): 403–407 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[4] Yuan L-P(袁隆平). Hybrid rice breeding for super high yield. Hybrid Rice (杂交水稻), 1997, l2(6): 1–3 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[5] Yang J-C(杨建昌), Zhu Q-S(朱庆森), Cao X-Z(曹显祖). Studies on the role of the mass canopy structure and photosynthetic characteristics in yield formation of rice. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 1992, 25(4): 7–14 (in Chinese with English ab-stract)

[6] Ma J(马均), Ma W-B(马文波), Ming D-F(明东风), Yang S-M(杨世民), Zhu Q-S(朱庆森). Studies on the characteristics of rice plant with heavy panicle. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2006, 39(4): 679–685 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[7] Liu J-F(刘建丰), Yuan L-P(袁隆平), Deng Q-Y(邓启云), Chen L-Y(陈立云), Cai Y-D(蔡义东). A study on characteristics of photosynthesis in super high-yielding hybrid rice. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2005, 38(2): 258–264 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[8] Zhao Q-Z(赵全志), Huang P-S(黄丕生), Ling Q-H(凌启鸿). Relations between canopy apparent photosynthesis and store matter in stem and sheath between and yield and nitrogen regula-tions in rice. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2001, 34(3):304–310 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[9] Chen D-C(陈德春), Yang W-Y(杨文钰), Ren W-J(任万军). Ef-fects of rice seedlings horizontal distribution on the dynamics of rice population, canopy light transmittance rate and panicle cha- racteristics. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2007, 18(2): 359–365 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[10] Wang J-L(王建林), Xu Z-J(徐正进), Yi X-Z(衣先众). Effects of seedling quantity and row spacing on yields and yield compo-nents of hybrid and conventional rice in northern China. Chin J Rice Sci (中国水稻科学), 2006, 20(6): 631–637 (in Chi-nese with English abstract)

[11] Wang R-Q(汪仁全), Ma J(马均), Tong P(童平), Fu T-L(傅泰露), Li Y(李艳), Wu H-Z(吴和洲), Liu Z-B(刘志彬). Effects of planting method of triangle of system of rice intensification (TSRI) on photosynthetic characteristics and formation of grain yield. Hybrid Rice (杂交水稻), 2006, 21(6): 60–65 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[12] Xie L-Y(谢立勇), Feng Y-X(冯永祥), Xu Z-J(徐正进). Effect of field arrangement on physiological characteristics of different panicle type rice. J Shenyang Agric Univ (沈阳农业大学学报), 2003, 34(6): 406–409 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[13] Zhang Q(张强), Wan L-J(万靓军), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Huo Z-Y(霍中洋), Xu K(许轲), Zhang H-C(张洪程). A review of the nitrogen on biological characteristics and its high produce man-agement in rice. Reclaiming & Rice Cultivation (垦殖与稻作), 2004, (5): 41–43 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[14] Li G-H(李刚华), Zhang G-F(张国发), Chen G-L(陈功磊), Wang S-H(王绍华), Ling Q-H(凌启鸿), Ding Y-F(丁艳锋). Population characteristics of super japonica rice Ningjing 1 and Ningjing 3 and its responses to nitrogen. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2009, 35(6): 1106–1114 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[15] Lü C-G(吕川根), Hu N(胡凝), Yao K-M(姚克敏), Xia S-J(夏士健), Qi Q-M(漆庆明). Plant type and its effects on canopy struc-ture at heading stage in various ecological areas for a two-line hybrid rice combination, Liangyoupeijiu. Chin J Rice Sci (中国水稻科学), 2009, 23(5): 529–536 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[16] Tong P(童平), Yang S-M(杨世民), Ma J(马均), Wu H-Z(吴和洲), Fu T-L(傅泰露), Li M(李敏), Wang M-T(王明田). Photo-synthetic characteristics and dry matter accumulation of hybrid rice varieties under different light conditions. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2008, 19(3): 505–511 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[17] Dong S-T(董树亭), Gao R-Q(高荣岐), Hu C-H(胡昌浩), Wang Q-Y(王群瑛), Wang K-J(王空军). Study of canopy photosynthe-sis property and high yield potential after anthesis in maize. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 1997, 23(3): 318–325 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[18] Zou J-S(邹江石), Yao K-M(姚克敏), Lü C-G(吕川根), Hu X-Q(胡雪琼). Study on individual plant type character of Liang- youpeijiu rice. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2003, 29(5): 652–657 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[19] Seneweera S P, Basra A S, Barlow E W. Diurnal regulation of leaf blade elongation in rice by CO2: Is it related to sucrose phosphate synthase activity. Plant Physiol, 1995, 108: 1471– 1477

[20] Shi X-D(时向东), Liu Y-F(刘艳芳), Wen Z-Q(文志强), Cheng G(程刚), Huang K-J(黄克久), Wu C-K(吴纯奎). Effects of ni-trogen levels on growth and content of endogenous hormones of cigar wrapper leaves. Acta Bot Boreali-occident Sin (西北植物学报), 2007, 27(8): 1625–1630 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[21] Wang J-L(王建林), Xu Z-J(徐正进). Effects of panicle type and row spacing on light distribution of rice canopy. Chin J Rice Sci (中国水稻科学), 2005, 19(5): 422–426 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[22] Zhang H-C(张洪程), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Huo Z-Y(霍中洋), Xu K(许轲), Wei H-Y(魏海燕). Cultivation technical system of rice seedling broadcasting and its characteristics. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2008, 41(1): 43–52(in Chinese with English abstract)

[23] Du M-W(杜明伟), Feng G-Y(冯国艺), Yao Y-D(姚炎帝), Luo H-H(罗宏海), Zhang Y-L(张亚黎), Xia D-L(夏东利), Zhang W-F(张旺锋). Canopy characteristics and its correlation with photosynthesis of super high-yielding hybrid cotton Biaoza AI and Shiza 2. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2009, 35(6): 1068–1077 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[24] Xiao K(肖凯), Zhang R-X(张荣铣), Qian W-P(钱维朴). The ef-fect and regulating mechanism of nitrogen nutrition on canopy photosynthetic carbon assimilation in wheat. Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 1999, 5(3): 235–243 (in Chi-nese with English abstract)

[25] Jiang D(姜东), Yu Z-W(于振文), Su B(苏波), Xu Y-M(许玉敏), Yu S-L(余松烈). Effect of different application stage of nitrogen on root senescence in winters wheat. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 1997, 23(2): 180–190 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[26] He P(何萍), Jin J-Y(金继运). Effect of N application rates on leaf senescence and its mechanism in spring maize. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 1998, 31(3): 66–71 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[27] Chen H-Z(陈惠哲), Zhu D-F(朱德峰), Lin X-Q(林贤青), Zhang Y-P(张玉屏), Zhang W-X(张卫星). Effect of nitrogen applica-tion for spikelet promotion on growth and photosynthetic rate of canopy leaves in super hybrid rice. J Hunan Agric Univ (Nat Sci)(湖南农业大学学报·自然科学版), 2007, 33(5): 617–621 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[28] Zhang J-X(张建新). Distribution of leaf photosynthetic capacity in canopy and its effect on canopy photosynthesis. Acta Phytophysiol Sin (植物生理学报), 1988, 14(1): 1–8 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[29] Yang J-S(杨吉顺), Gao H-Y(高辉远), Liu P(刘鹏), Li G(李耕), Dong S-T(董树亭), Zhang J-W(张吉旺), Wang J-F(王敬锋). Ef-fects of planting density and row spacing form on the perform-ances of canopy apparent photosynthesis of high-yield summer corn. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2010, 36(7): 1226–1233 (in Chinese with English abstract)

PDF