doi:

DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2016.01560

Acta Agronomica Sinica (作物学报) 2016/42:10 PP.1560-1568

Effect of Annual Tillage Practices on Soil Nutrient and Crop Yield in Lime Concretion Black Soil Farmland


Abstract:
In order to select the appropriate tillage practices, improving soil nutrient and grain yield of crop grown in lime concretion black soil farmland, the effects of five year winter wheat-summer maize annual tillage practices (no tillage-rotary tillage, no tillage-deep tillage, subsoiling tillage-rotary tillage, subsoiling tillage-no tillage, no tillage-no tillage) on soil organic carbon content, soil nutrient and crop yield were studied in the fourth year. Under the condition of returning total straw to field, compared with the beginning of the experiment, the content of soil organic carbon, total nitrogen and available potassium in 0-20 cm soil layer were increased. Compared with no tillage-rotary tillage, other year treatments increased annual soil organic carbon and total nitrogen contents in 0-20 cm soil layer during the whole growth period. No tillage-deep tillage, subsoiling tillage-rotary tillage, and no tillage-no tillage significantly increase soil available phosphorus contents in 0-20 cm soil layer during the whole growth period, and subsoiling tillage-no tillage significantly increased 0-20 cm soil layer available phosphorus in anthesis and harvest period of winter wheat. In 20-40 cm soil layer, soil available phosphorus content of no tillage-rotary tillage was the lowest during the whole growth period. Subsoiling tillage-no tillage increased annual soil available potassium content in 0-20 cm soil layer during the whole growth period. In 20-40 cm soil layer, subsoiling tillage-no tillage and no tillage-no tillage significantly in-creased soil available potassium content in seedling, trumpeting, anthesis and filling stages of summer maize season. Subsoiling tillage-rotary tillage and subsoiling tillage-no tillage significantly increase annual grain yield by 7.67% and 10.21% respectively. To sum up, subsoiling tillage-rotary tillage and subsoiling tillage-no tillage could improve contents of soil organic carbon and nutrient, and increase grain yield of summer maize and winter wheat under the condition of returning total straw to field. There-fore, subsoiling tillage-rotary tillage and subsoiling tillage-no tillage should be selected as two appropriate tillage practices in lime concretion black soil farmland.

Key words:Tillage practice,Lime concretion black soil,Soil nutrient,Organic carbon,Grain yield

ReleaseDate:2017-01-12 13:30:58



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