DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.00745

Acta Psychologica Sinica (心理学报) 2017/49:6 PP.745-758

The overuse of proportional reasoning and its cognitive mechanism: A developmental negative priming study

The overuse of proportional reasoning refers to a phenomenon that students improperly use proportional reasoning to solve non-proportional problems (e.g., addition problems in the present study). No research to date has directly illuminated the cognitive mechanism of the phenomenon since it is widely found in different countries and different ages. Therefore, we aimed to explore the potential cognitive mechanism in the current study from a new perspective based on the Inhibitory Control Model. The model suggests that solving a problem successfully not only requires the grasp of the underlying logic but also the inhibition of the misleading strategies. Accordingly, we proposed a hypothesis that the failure to inhibit the improper proportional thinking rather than the failure to grasp the additive logic would lead to students' overuse of proportional reasoning since they may have already mastered additive thinking.

Key words:proportional reasoning,inhibitory control,negative priming,missing-value word problem,mathematics cognition

ReleaseDate:2017-08-10 07:39:28

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