DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1248.2013.230

Advances in Climate Change Research 2013/4:4 PP.230-241

Impacts of Climate Change on Forest Ecosystems in Northeast China

This paper reviews the studies and research on climate change impacts on the forest ecosystems in Northeast China.The results show that in the context of global and regional warming,the growing season of coniferous forests has been increasing at an average rate of 3.9 d per decade.Regional warming favors the growth of temperate broad-leaved forests and has a detrimental efect on the growth of boreal coniferous forests.Over the past hundred years,the forest edge of the cool temperate zone in the southern Daxing'anling region has retreated 140 km northward.From 1896 to 1986,the northern boundary of broad-leaved forests in Heilongjiang province has extended northwestward about 290 km.Future climatic changes(until 2060)may lead to the northern deciduous needle forests moving out of China's territory altogether.The occurrence cycles of pests and diseases have shortened;their distribution ranges have expanded.The life cycle of tent caterpillars(Malacosoma neustria testacea Motschulsky)has shortened from 14-15 years in the past to8-10 years now.The pine caterpillar(Dendrolimus tabulaeformis Tsai et Liu),which has spread within western Liaoning province and the nearby areas,can now be found in the north and west.Lightning fires in the Daxing'anling region have significantly increased since 1987,and August has become the month when lightning fires occur most frequently.Overall,the net primary productivity(NPP)of forest in Northeast China has increased.The NPP in 1981 was around 0.27 Pg C,and increased to approximately 0.40 Pg C in 2002.With the current climate,the broad-leaved Korean pine forest ecosystem acts as a carbon sink,with a carbon sink capacity of 2.7 Mg C hm2.Although the carbon sink capacity of the forest ecosystems in Northeast China has been weakened since 2003,the total carbon absorption will still increase.The forest ecosystems in Northeast China are likely to remain a significant carbon sink,and will play a positive role in the mitigation of climate change.

Key words:Northeast China,forest ecosystem,climate change

ReleaseDate:2015-04-16 21:09:59

Anne, Q., C.-H. Peng, and M. Garneau, 2010:Toward dynamic global vegetation models for simu-lating vegetation-climate interactions and feedbacks:Recent developments, limitations, and future chal-lenges. Environ. Rev., 18, 333-353.

Chen, X.-W., 2000: Characteristic change of severalforest landscapes between 1896 and 1986 in Hei-longjiang province. Acta Batanica Sinica, 49(2),979-984.

Cheng, X.-X., and X.-D. Yan, 2008: Effects of cli-mate change on typical forest in the northeast ofChina. Acta Ecologica Sinica (in Chinese), 28(2),534-543.

Guo, Q.-X., J.-L. Li, J.-X. Liu, et al., 2001: Thescientific significance of the forest vegetation eco-tone between Daxing'an mountains to global climatechange study. Journal of Northeast Forestry Uni-versity (in Chinese), 29(5), 1-4.

Guo, Z.-X., X.-N. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, et al.,2010a: Simulation and variation pattern of vegeta-tion phenology in Northeast China based on remotesensing. Chinese Journal of Ecology (in Chinese),29(1), 165-172.

Guo, Z.-X., X.-N. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, et al.,2010b: Responses of vegetation phenology in North-east China to climate change. Chinese Journal ofEcology (in Chinese), 29(3), 578-585.

Hao, Z.-Q., L.-M. Dai, and H.-S. He, 2001: Po-tential response of major tree species to climatewarming in Changbai Mountain, Northeast China.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology (in Chinese),12(5), 653-658.

He, R.-X., H.-J. Jin, L.-Z. Lü, et al., 2009: Recentchanges of permafrost and cold regions environmentsin the northern part of Northeastern China. Journalof Glaciology and Geocryology (in Chinese), 31(3),525-531.

Leng, W.-F., H.-S. He, R.-C. Bu, et al., 2007: Sen-sitivity analysis of the impact of climate change onpotential distribution of three Larch (Larix) speciesin Northeastern China. Journal of Plant Ecology (inChinese), 31(5), 825-833.

Li, F., G.-S. Zhou, and M.-C. Cao, 2006, Responseof Larix gmelinii geographical distribution to fu-ture climate change: A simulation study. ChineseJournal of Applied Ecology (in Chinese), 17(12),2255-2260.

Li, J.-Q., Z.-Y. Li, and H.-R. Yi, 2010: Interactionrelation between forest and global climate change.Journal of Northwest Forestry University (in Chi-nese), 25(4), 23-28.

Li, R.-P., and G.-S. Zhou, 2010: Responses of woodyplants phenology to air temperature in NortheastChina in 1980-2005. Chinese Journal of Ecology (inChinese), 29(12), 2317-2326.

Li, W.-H., Q.-W. Min, Q. Zhang, et al., 2009:Eco-Meteorology Disasters (in Chinese). China Me-teorological Press, 155pp.

Li, W.-H., Zhou X.-F., X.-T. Liu, et al., 2007:Forest and Wetland Conservation and Forestry De-velopment Strategy in Northeast China: ForestryVolume (in Chinese). Science Press, 481pp.

Liu, D., J.-H. Na, C.-Y. Du, et al., 2007: Changesin eco-geographical distributions of major forestryspecies in Heilongjiang province during 1961-2003.Advances in Climate Change Research (in Chinese),3(2), 100-105.

Liu, F., and S. Jin, 2005: The influence of climatechange on the secondary deciduous broad-leavedmixed forests in the temperate zone of NortheastChina. Journal of Northeast Forestry University (inChinese), 33(3), 16-17.

Lu, P.-L., Q. Yu, and Q.-T. He, 2006: Responses ofplant phenology to climatic change. Acta EcologicaSinica (in Chinese), 26(3), 923-929.

Mu, C.-C., 2003: Succession of Larix olgensis andBetula platyphlla marsh ecotone communities inChangbai Mountain. Chinese Journal of AppliedEcology (in Chinese), 14, 1813-1819.

Peng, S.-L., G.-L. Zhang, and X.-W. Liu, 2005: Areview of ecosystem simulation models. Journal ofTropical and Subtropical Botany (in Chinese), 13(1),85-94.

Sun, F.-H., J. Yuan, and S. Lu, 2006: The changeand test of climate in Northeast China over the last100 years. Climatic and Environmental Research (inChinese), 11(1), 101-108.

Tang, F.-D., S.-J. Han, and J.-H. Zhang, 2009:Carbon dynamics of broad-leaved Korean pine forestecosystem in Changbai Mountains and its responsesto climate change. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecol-ogy (in Chinese), 20(6), 1285-1292.

Tian, X.-R., L.-F. Shu, and M.-Y. Wang, 2005: In-fluences of fire regime changes on the forest ecosys-tem in Northeast China. Forest Fire (in Chinese),(1), 21-25.

Wang, L.-Z., 2005: The change analyses of the forestresource in Daxing'anling. Forest By-Product andSpeciality in China (in Chinese), 37(6), 61-62.

Wang, M.-Y., L.-F. Shu, X.-R. Tian, et al., 2003:Spatial fluctuation of forest fires and their responseto global change. Fire Safety Science (in Chinese),12(3), 171-176.

Wang, X.-C., X.-F. Zhou, S.-J. Li, et al., 2004: Theeffect of climate warming on the structure charac-teristic of the timberline in Laotudingzi Mountian.Acta Ecologica Sinica (in Chinese), 24, 2412-2421.

Wang, X.-Y., L.-G. Li, Y.-B. Xie, et al., 2008:Stomatal conductance and its scaling in vegetation-atmoshere interaction: A review. Chinese Journalof Ecology (in Chinese), 27(3), 454-459.

Wei, S.-J., L. Sun, S.-W. Wei, et al., 2013: Effectsof climate changes on forest disasters and the pre-ventive measures. Journal of Catastrophology (inChinese), 28(1), 36-38.

Wu, Z.-F., 2003: Assessment of eco-climatic suitabil-ity and climate change impacts of/on broad-leavedKorean pine forest in Northeast China. ChineseJournal of Applied Ecology (in Chinese), 14(5), 771-775.

Wu, Z.-F., Y.-H. Jin, J.-P. Liu, et al., 2003: Re-sponses of vegetation distribution to global climatechanges in Northeast China. Scientia GeographicaSinica, 23(5), 564-570.

Xu, W.-D., X.-Y. He, W. Chen, et al., 2006: Re-sponses of Shenyang urban tree phenology to cli-mate warming. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology(in Chinese), (10), 1777-1781.

Xu, W.-D., X.-Y. He, W. Chen, et al., 2008: Re-lationships between sparing phenology of Shenyangurban forest and global climate warming in last 40years. Chinese Journal of Ecology (in Chinese),27(9), 1461-1468.

Zhang, N., 2007: Scale issues in ecology: Upscaling.Acta Ecologia Sinica (in Chinese), 27(10), 4252-4266.

Zhang, Y.-P., and H.-Q. Hu, 2008: Climatic changeand its impact on forest fire in Daxing'anling Moun-tain. Journal of Northeast Forestry University (inChinese), 36(7), 29-31.

Zhang, Y.-Z., and N.-X. Feng, 2005: Characteristicsof forest fire in summer and discussion of fire extin-guishing methods in Daxing'anling region. ForestFire (in Chinese), (4), 22-23.

Zhao, C.-Y., Y. Wang, X.-Y. Zhou, et al.,2013: Changes in climatic factors and extremeclimate events in Northeast China during 1961-2010. Adv. Clim. Change Res., 4(2), doi:10.3274/SP.J.1248.2013.092.

Zhao, F.-J., M.-Y. Wang, L.-F. Shu, et al., 2009a:Progress in studies on influences of climate changeon forest fire regime. Advances in Climate ChangeResearch (in Chinese), 5(1), 50-55.

Zhao, J.-F., X.-D. Yan, and G.-S. Jia, 2008: Sim-ulating the responses of forest net primary pro-ductivity and carbon budget to climate change inNortheast China. Acta Ecologica Sinica (in Chi-nese), 28(1), 92-102.

Zhao, J.-F., X.-D. Yan, and G.-S. Jia, 2009b: Simu-latin of carbon stocks of forest ecosystems in North-east China from 1981 to 2002. Chinese Journal ofApplied Ecology (in Chinese), 20(2), 241-249.

Zhao, J.-F., X.-D. Yan, and G.-S. Jia, 2009c: Simu-lation of carbon stocks of forest ecosystems under thefuture climatic scenario in Northeast China basedon FORCCHN. Scientia Geographica Sinica (in Chi-nese), 29(5), 690-696.

Zhao, J.-F., X.-D. Yan, and G.-S. Jia, 2009d:Changes in carbon budget of northeast China forestecosystems under future climatic sceanario. ChineseJournal of Ecology (in Chinese), 28(5), 781-187.

Zhao, M.-S., P.-N. Ronald, X.-D. Yan, et al., 2002:Modelling the vegetation of China under chang-ing climate. Acta Geographica Sinica (in Chinese),57(1), 28-38.

Zhao, T.-L., H.-D. Geng, X.-D. Zhang, et al., 2003:Influence of temperature change on forest pests inChina. Forest Pest and Disease (in Chinese), 22(3),29-32.

Zheng, J.-Y., Q.-S. Guo, and Z.-X. Hao, 2002:Impact of climate warming on plant phenology inChina in recent 40 years. Chinese Science Bulletin(in Chinese), 47(20), 1582 -1587.

Zheng, S.-J., and R.-L. Wang, 2004: Causes and pre-vention of Malacosoma neustria trstacea Motschul-sky occurrence in Daxing'anling region. Inner Mon-golia Forestry Investigation and Design (in Chinese),27(3), 41-44.

Zhou, D.-H., H.-S. He, X.-Z. Li, et al., 2007: Po-tential responses of different stand age classes toclimate changes in the Xiaoxing'anling Mountains,northeastern China. Journal of Beijing ForestryUniversity (in Chinese), 29(4), 110-117.

Zhou, X.-F., X.-C. Wang, S.-J. Han, et al., 2002:The effect of global climate change on the dynamicsof Butula ermanii-Tundra ecotone in the ChangbaiMountains. Earth Science Frontiers (in Chinese),9(1), 227-231.

Zhu, J.-H., Z.-H. Hou, and X.-Q. Zhang, 2009: Theimpact of climate change on Chinese forestry and itsadaptation proposals. Forestry Economics (in Chi-nese), (11), 78-83.