doi:

DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00778

Advances in Psychological Science (心理科学进展) 2017/25:5 PP.778-787

ERP research on theory of mind: Perspective from the multiple elements framework


Abstract:
Theory of mind is one of the core abilities of social cognition. Most event-related potential (ERP) studies on theory of mind were conducted under the framework of multiple elements, including belief, desire, intention, and emotion. Previous studies have suggested several converging results: first, different elements in theory of mind might elicit distinct ERP components; second, the ERP components associated with specific elements suggest consistent patterns of scalp distribution across task paradigm; third, the developmental ERP studies on theory of mind reveal similar patterns in children and adults, except longer time window and broader distribution for children. Future research could focus on issues as follows: to design task paradigm fit for ERP technical demands; to complete the framework of theory of mind; to further explore the general electrophysiological mechanisms underlying theory of mind processing.

Key words:theory of mind,multiple elements,event-related potentials,time course

ReleaseDate:2017-05-31 14:49:39



李佳, 苏彦捷. (2004). 儿童心理理论能力中的情绪理解. 心理科学进展, 12(1), 37–44.

沙文居, 张婷, 李红. (2010). 心理理论脑机制的分歧: 前额叶中部与颞顶联合区. 西南师范大学学报:自然科学版, 35(1), 180–185.

王益文, 黄亮, 徐晟, 袁博, 徐艳娇, 李洪玉. (2012). 理解私人意图与交际意图的ERP证据. 心理学报, 44(12), 1618–1627.

王益文, 黄亮, 张振, 宋娟, 白丽英. (2014). 友好还是敌对? 理解互动意图的大脑动态时程. 中国科学: 生命科学, 44(7), 736–746.

王益文, 刘岩, 高艳霞, 陈晶, 张文新, 林崇德. (2008). 错误信念推理的时间过程与源定位. 中国科学C辑: 生命科学, 38(1), 93–100.

王益文, 郑玉玮, 沈德立, 崔磊, 闫国利. (2012). 解读成语中的他人心理与互动心理: 来自眼动和ERP的证据. 心理学报, 44(1), 100–111.

张兢兢, 徐芬. (2005). 心理理论脑机制研究的新进展. 心理发展与教育, 21(4), 110–115.

Abraham, A., Rakoczy, H., Werning, M., von Cramon, D. Y., & Schubotz, R. I. (2010). Matching mind to world and vice versa: Functional dissociations between belief and desire mental state processing. Social Neuroscience, 5(1), 1–18.

Amodio, D. M., & Frith, C. D. (2006). Meeting of minds: The medial frontal cortex and social cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 7, 268–277.

Apperly, I. A., Samson, D., & Humphreys, G. W. (2009). Studies of adults can inform accounts of theory of mind development. Developmental Psychology, 45(1), 190–201.

Bowman, L. C., Liu, D., Meltzoff, A. N., & Wellman, H. M. (2012). Neural correlates of belief- and desire-reasoning in 7- and 8-year-old children: An event-related potential study. Developmental Science, 15, 618–632.

Cao, B. H., Li, Y. Y., Li, F. H., & Li, H. (2012). Electrophysiological difference between mental state decoding and mental state reasoning. Brain Research, 1464, 53–60.

Carlson, S. M., Moses, L. J., & Claxton, L. J. (2004). Individual differences in executive functioning and theory of mind: An investigation of inhibitory control and planning ability. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 87(4), 299–319.

Carlson, S. M., White, R. E., & Davis-Unger, A. C. (2014). Evidence for a relation between executive function and pretense representation in preschool children. Cognitive Development, 29, 1–16.

Carrión, R. E., Keenan, J. P., & Sebanz, N. (2010). A truth that's told with bad intent: An ERP study of deception. Cognition, 114(1), 105–110.

Carroll, D. J., Riggs, K. J., Apperly, I. A., Graham, K., & Geoghegan, C. (2012). How do alternative ways of responding influence 3- and 4-year-olds' performance on tests of executive function and theory of mind?. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 112(3), 312–325.

Ciaramidaro, A., Adenzato, M., Enrici, I., Erk, S., Pia, L., Bara, B. G., & Walter, H. (2007). The intentional network: How the brain reads varieties of intentions. Neuropsychologia, 45(13), 3105–3113.

Gagnon, J., Aubin, M., Emond, F. C., Derguy, S., Bessette, M., & Jolicoeur, P. (2016). Neural mechanisms underlying attribution of hostile intention in nonaggressive individuals: An ERP study. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 110, 153–162.

Geangu, E., Gibson, A., Kaduk, K., & Reid, V. M. (2013). The neural correlates of passively viewed sequences of true and false beliefs. Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 8(4), 432–437.

Gopnik, A., & Slaughter, V. (1991). Young children's understanding of changes in their mental states. Child Development, 62(1), 98–110.

Jiang, Q., Li, P., Li, F. H., Wang, Q., Cao, B. H., & Li, H. (2016). The neural basis of desire reasoning for self and others: An event-related potential study. Neuroreport, 27(2), 85–89.

Kühn-Popp, N., Sodian, B., Sommer, M., Döhnel, K., & Meinhardt, J. (2013). Same or different? ERP correlates of pretense and false belief reasoning in children. Neuroscience, 248, 488–498.

Lang, M., Lang, W., Uhl, F., Kornhuber, A., Deecke, L., & Kornhuber, H. H. (1987). Slow negative potential shifts indicating verbal cognitive learning in a concept formation task. Human Neurobiology, 6(3), 183–190.

Leuthold, H., Filik, R., Murphy, K., & Mackenzie, I. G. (2012). The on-line processing of socio-emotional information in prototypical scenarios: Inferences from brain potentials. Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 7(4), 457–466.

Liu, D., Meltzoff, A. N., & Wellman, H. M. (2009). Neural correlates of belief- and desire-reasoning. Child Development, 80(4), 1163–1171.

Liu, D., Sabbagh, M. A., Gehring, W. J., & Wellman, H. M. (2004). Decoupling beliefs from reality in the brain: An ERP study of theory of mind. Neuroreport, 15(6), 991–995.

Liu, D., Sabbagh, M. A., Gehring, W. J., & Wellman, H. M. (2009). Neural correlates of children's theory of mind development. Child Development, 80(2), 318–326.

Mahy, C. E. V., Moses, L. J., & Pfeifer, J. H. (2014). How and where: Theory-of-mind in the brain. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 9, 68–81.

Mecklinger, A., & Pfeifer, E. (1996). Event-related potentials reveal topographical and temporal distinct neuronal activation patterns for spatial and object working memory. Cognitive Brain Research, 4(3), 211–224.

Meinhardt, J., Sodian, B., Thoermer, C., Döhnel, K., & Sommer, M. (2011). True-and false-belief reasoning in children and adults: An event-related potential study of theory of mind. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 1(1), 67–76.

Meinhardt, J., Kühn-Popp, N., Sommer, M., & Sodian, B. (2012). Distinct neural correlates underlying pretense and false belief reasoning: Evidence from ERPs. NeuroImage, 63(2), 623–631.

Mitchell, J. P., Banaji, M. R., & Macrae, C. N. (2005). The link between social cognition and self-referential thought in the medial prefrontal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17(8), 1306–1315.

Mull, M. S., & Evans, E. M. (2010). Did she mean to do it? Acquiring a folk theory of intentionality. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 107(3), 207–28.

Perner, J., & Wimmer, H. (1985). “John thinks that Mary thinks that …”: Attribution of second-order beliefs by 5- to 10-year-old children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 39(3), 437–471.

Premack, D., & Woodruff, G. (1978). Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1(4), 515–526.

Ruchkin, D. S., Johnson, R., Jr., Grafman, J., Canoune, H., & Ritter, W. (1992). Distinctions and similarities among working memory processes: An event-related potential study. Cognitive Brain Research, 1(1), 53–66.

Sabbagh, M. A., Moulson, M. C., & Harkness, K. L. (2004). Neural correlates of mental state decoding in human adults: An event-related potential study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16(3), 415–426.

Sabbagh, M. A., & Taylor, M. (2000). Neural correlates of theory-of-mind reasoning: An event-related potential study. Psychological Science, 11(1), 46–50.

Saxe, R. (2009). Theory of mind (neural basis). In W. P. Banks (Eds.), Encyclopedia of consciousness (pp. 401– 410). Oxford: Academic Press.

Saxe, R. (2010). The right temporo-parietal junction: A specific brain region for thinking about thoughts. In A. Leslie & T. German (Eds.), Handbook of theory of mind (pp. 1–35). Mahwah, NJ: Taylor and Francis Group.

Saxe, R., Moran, J. M., Scholz, J., & Gabrieli, J. (2006). Overlapping and non-overlapping brain regions for theory of mind and self reflection in individual subjects. Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 1(3), 229–234.

Scullin, M. H., & Bonner, K. (2006). Theory of mind, inhibitory control, and preschool-age children's suggestibility in different interviewing contexts. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 93(2), 120–138.

Sommer, M., Döhnel, K., Sodian, B., Meinhardt, J., Thoermer, C., & Hajak, G. (2007). Neural correlates of true and false belief reasoning. NeuroImage, 35(3), 1378–1384.

Stich, S., & Tarzia, J. (2015). The pretense debate. Cognition, 143, 1–12.

Wang, Y. W., Huang, L., Lin, C. D., Zhang, Z., Liang, F. C., & Shen, D. L. (2012). Spatio-temporal brain dynamics of understanding social versus private intentions: An electrical neuroimaging study. NeuroQuantology, 10(4), 733–743.

Wang, Y. W., Huang, L., Zhang, W., Zhang, Z., & Cacioppo, S. (2015). Spatio-temporal dynamics of kind versus hostile intentions in the human brain: An electrical neuroimaging study. Social Neuroscience, 10(3), 253–267.

Wang, Y. W., Zheng, Y. W., Lin, C. D., Wu, J., & Shen, D. L. (2011). Electrophysiological correlates of reading the single-and interactive-mind. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 5, 64.

Wellman, H. M. (1990). The child's theory of mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Wellman, H. M. (2011). Developing a theory of mind. In U. Goswami (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of childhood cognitive development (2nd ed., pp. 258–284). New Jersey: Blackwell Publication.

Wellman, H. M., Cross, D., & Watson, J. (2001). Meta- analysis of theory of mind development: The truth about false belief. Child Development, 72(3), 655–684.

Wellman, H. M., Fang, F. X., Liu, D., Zhu, L. Q., & Liu, G. X. (2006). Scaling of theory-of-mind understandings in Chinese children. Psychological Science, 17(12), 1075–1081.

Wellman, H. M., & Liu, D. (2004). Scaling of theory-of- mind tasks. Child Development, 75(2), 523–541.

Wellman, H. M., & Woolley, J. D. (1990). From simple desires to ordinary beliefs: The early development of everyday psychology. Cognition, 35(3), 245–275.

Wimmer, H., & Perner, J. (1983). Beliefs about beliefs: Representation and constraining function of wrong beliefs in young children's understanding of deception. Cognition, 13(1), 103–128.

Young, L., Dodell-Feder, D., & Saxe, R. (2010). What gets the attention of the temporo-parietal junction? An fMRI investigation of attention and theory of mind. Neuropsychologia, 48(9), 2658–2664.

Zhang, T., Sha, W. J., Zheng, X. R., Ouyang, H. L., & Li, H. (2009). Inhibiting one's own knowledge in false belief reasoning: An ERP study. Neuroscience Letters, 467(3), 194–198.

Zhang, T., Zhang, Q., Li, Y. Y., Long, C. Q., & Li, H. (2013). Belief and sign, true and false: The unique of false belief reasoning. Experimental Brain Research, 231(1), 27–36.