doi:

DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01769

Advances in Psychological Science (心理科学进展) 2017/25:10 PP.1769-1779

The injury,reversibility and intervention strategies of inhibitory control for methamphetamine users


Abstract:
The dangers of methamphetamine use become increasingly prominent, and has received widely public attention. Numerous evidence from behavioral and neuroimaging studies has consistently shown that chronic methamphetamine consumption can cause a deficit of inhibitory function, particularly in the context of drug-related cues, deriving from dysfunction of the brain regions associated with inhibition, including prefrontal cortex etc. These pathological changes adversely affect cognitive performance and daily function. At present, It has been shown that inhibitory control dysfunction induced by methamphetamine use can be recovered to some degree following abstinence. Therefore, the intervention strategies that devote to improve the inhibitory control of methamphetamine users become very important. Future research in this field should address the specificity of inhibitory control associated with substance use, and consider the patterns of multiple drug abuse and the difference of exercise intervention strategies.

Key words:methamphetamine users,inhibitory control,rehabilitation,intervention

ReleaseDate:2017-11-17 09:48:05



陈爱国, 殷恒婵, 颜军, 杨钰. (2011). 不同强度短时有氧运动对执行功能的影响. 心理学报, 43, 1055-1062.

于洋, 娄明武, 鲁琳, 梁文斌, 申云霞. (2015). 短期吸食海洛因和冰毒者戒断后静息态低频振幅改变的研究. 实用放射学杂志, 31, 887-890.

杨玲, 张更生, 赵鑫. (2014). 海洛因依赖者抑制控制功能的损伤机制及其可逆性. 心理科学进展, 22, 439-447.

Ahmadi, J. (2015). The Effect of Buprenorphine and Bupropion in the Treatment of Methamphetamine Dependency and Craving. British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, 10(2), 1-4.

Ahmadi, J. (2016). Methylphenidate in the treatment of methamphetamine withdrawal Craving:A novel outcome. Journal of Drug Abuse, 2, 3.

Al-Zahrani, M. A., & Elsayed, Y. A. (2009). The impacts of substance abuse and dependence on neuropsychological functions in a sample of patients from Saudi Arabia. Behavioral and Brain Functions, 5, 48.

Amiaz, R., Levy, D., Vainiger, D., Grunhaus, L., & Zangen, A. (2009). Repeated high-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex reduces cigarette craving and consumption. Addiction, 104, 653-660.

Baler, R. D., & Volkow, N. D. (2006). Drug addiction:The neurobiology of disrupted self-control. Trends in Mole-cular Medicine, 12, 559-566.

Barker, A. T. (1999). The history and basic principles of magnetic nerve stimulation. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. Supplement, 51, 3-21.

Benikos, N., Johnstone, S. J., & Roodenrys, S. J. (2013). Short-term training in the Go/Nogo task:Behavioural and neural changes depend on task demands. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 87, 301-312.

Blasi, G., Goldberg, T. E., Weickert, T., Das, S., Kohn, P., Zoltick, B.,... Mattay, V. S. (2006). Brain regions underlying response inhibition and interference monitoring and suppression. European Journal of Neuroscience, 23, 1658-1664.

Bradshaw, J. L. (2001). Developmental disorders of the frontostriatal system:Neuropsychological, neuropsychiatric, and evolutionary perspectives. Hove, East Sussex, Great Britain:Psychology Press.

Brockett, A. T., LaMarca, E. A., & Gould, E. (2015). Physical exercise enhances cognitive flexibility as well as astrocytic and synaptic markers in the medial prefrontal cortex. PLoS One, 10, e0124859.

Boggio, P. S., Sultani, N., Fecteau, S., Merabet, L., Mecca, T., Pascual-Leone, A.,... Fregni, F. (2008). Prefrontal cortex modulation using transcranial DC stimulation reduces alcohol craving:A double-blind, sham-controlled study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 92, 55-60.

Byun, K., Hyodo, K., Suwabe, K., Ochi, G., Sakairi, Y., Kato, M.,... Soya, H. (2014). Positive effect of acute mild exercise on executive function via arousal-related prefrontal activations:An fNIRS study. NeuroImage, 98, 336-345.

Chang, L., Alicata, D., Ernst, T., & Volkow, N. (2007). Structural and metabolic brain changes in the striatum associated with methamphetamine abuse. Addiction, 102, 16-32.

Chambers, C. D., Garavan, H., & Bellgrove, M. A. (2009). Insights into the neural basis of response inhibition from cognitive and clinical neuroscience. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 33, 631-646.

Chevrier, A. D., Noseworthy, M. D., & Schachar, R. (2007). Dissociation of response inhibition and performance monitoring in the stop signal task using event-related fMRI. Human Brain Mapping, 28, 1347-1358.

Churchwell, J. C., Carey, P. D., Ferrett, H. L., Stein, D. J., & Yurgelun-Todd, D. A. (2012). Abnormal striatal circuitry and intensified novelty seeking among adolescents who abuse methamphetamine and cannabis. Developmental Neuroscience, 34, 310-317.

Cuzen, N. L., Koopowitz, S. M., Ferrett, H. L., Stein, D. J., & Yurgelun-Todd, D. (2015). Methamphetamine and cannabis abuse in adolescence:A quasi-experimental study on specific and long-term neurocognitive effects. BMJ Open, 5, e005833.

DiMiceli, L. E., Sherman, S. G., Aramrattana, A., Sirirojn, B., & Celentano, D. D. (2016). Methamphetamine use is associated with high levels of depressive symptoms in adolescents and young adults in Rural Chiang Mai Province, Thailand. BMC Public Health, 16, 168.

Ellis, C., Hoffman, W., Jaehnert, S., Plagge, J., Loftis, J. M., Schwartz, D., & Huckans, M. (2016). Everyday problems with executive dysfunction and impulsivity in adults recovering from methamphetamine addiction. Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment, 15, 1-5.

Finn, P. R. (2002). Motivation, working memory, and decision making:A cognitive-motivational theory of personality vulnerability to alcoholism. Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews, 1, 183-205.

Fong, A. J., De Jesus, S., Bray, S. R., & Prapavessis, H. (2014). Effect of exercise on cigarette cravings and ad libitum smoking following concurrent stressors. Addictive Behaviors, 39, 1516-1521.

Groman, S. M., Morales, A. M., Lee, B., London, E. D., & Jentsch, J. D. (2013). Methamphetamine-induced increases in putamen gray matter associate with inhibitory control. Psychopharmacology, 229, 527-538.

Hekmat, S., Alam Mehrjerdi, Z., Moradi, A., Ekhtiari, H., & Bakhshi, S. (2011). Cognitive flexibility, attention and speed of mental processing in opioid and methampheta-mine addicts in comparison with non-addicts. Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, 2(2), 12-19.

Henry, B. L., Minassian, A., van Rhenen, M., Young, J. W., Geyer, M. A., & Perry, W. (2011). Effect of methamphetamine dependence on inhibitory deficits in a novel human open-field paradigm. Psychopharmacology, 215, 697-707.

Houghton, G., & Tipper, S. P. (1996). Inhibitory mechanisms of neural and cognitive control:Applications to selective attention and sequential action. Brain and Cognition, 30, 20-43.

Hwang, J., Lyoo, I. K., Kim, S. J., Sung, Y. H., Bae, S., Cho, S. N.,... Renshaw, P. F. (2006). Decreased cerebral blood flow of the right anterior cingulate cortex in long-term and short-term abstinent methamphetamine users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 82, 177-181.

Jan, R. K., Lin, J. C., Miles, S. W., Kydd, R. R., & Russell, B. R. (2012). Striatal volume increases in active methamphetamine-dependent individuals and correlation with cognitive performance. Brain Sciences, 2, 553-572.

Kim, S. J., Lyoo, I. K., Hwang, J., Chung, A., Sung, Y. H., Kim, J.,... Renshaw, P. F. (2006). Prefrontal grey-matter changes in short-term and long-term abstinent methamphetamine abusers. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 9, 221-228.

Kogachi, S., Chang, L., Alicata, D., Cunningham, E., & Ernst, T. (2017). Sex differences in impulsivity and brain morphometry in methamphetamine users. Brain Structure and Function, 222, 215-227.

Koob, G. F., & Le Moal, M. (2001). Drug addiction, dysregulation of reward, and allostasis. Neuropsychopharmacology, 24, 97-129.

Kopell, B. H., & Greenberg, B. D. (2008). Anatomy and physiology of the basal ganglia:Implications for DBS in psychiatry. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 32, 408-422.

Lee, B., London, E. D., Poldrack, R. A., Farahi, J., Nacca, A., Monterosso, J. R.,... Mandelkern, M. A. (2009). Striatal dopamine D2/D3 receptor availability is reduced in methamphetamine dependence and is linked to impulsivity. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 14734-14740.

Lee, N. K., Pohlman, S., Baker, A., Ferris, J., & Kay-Lambkin, F. (2010). It's the thought that counts:Craving metacognitions and their role in abstinence from methamphetamine use. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 38, 245-250.

Leland, D. S., Arce, E., Miller, D. A., & Paulus, M. P. (2008). Anterior cingulate cortex and benefit of predictive cueing on response inhibition in stimulant dependent individuals. Biological Psychiatry, 63, 184-190.

Lenartowicz, A., Verbruggen, F., Logan, G. D., & Poldrack, R. A. (2011). Inhibition-related activation in the right inferior frontal gyrus in the absence of inhibitory cues. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 3388-3399.

London, E. D., Kohno, M., Morales, A. M., & Ballard, M. E. (2015). Chronic methamphetamine abuse and corticostriatal deficits revealed by neuroimaging. Brain Research, 1628, 174-185.

Li, X. B.,Loprinzi, P. D., & Kane, C. J. (2015). Exercise and cognitive function:A randomized controlled trial examining acute exercise and free-living physical activity and sedentary effects. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 90, 450-460.

Lubman, D. I., Yücel, M., & Pantelis, C. (2004). Addiction, a condition of compulsive behaviour? Neuroimaging and neuropsychological evidence of inhibitory dysregulation. Addiction, 99, 1491-1502.

Lv, D. Z., Zhang, M. J., Jin, X. R., Zhao, J. Y., Han, B., Su, H.,... He, J. C. (2016). The body mass index, blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose in patients with methamphetamine dependence. Medicine, 95, e3152.

Lyoo, I. K., Yoon, S., Kim, T. S., Lim, S. M., Choi, Y., & Kim, J. E.,... Renshaw, P. F. (2015). Predisposition to and effects of methamphetamine use on the adolescent brain. Molecular Psychiatry, 20, 1516-1524.

Malcolm, R. J., Huebner, K., Hanlon, C. A., Taylor, J. J., Brady, K. T.,... See, R. E. (2013). Low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex transiently increases cue-induced craving for methamphetamine:A preliminary study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 133, 641-646.

McCann, U. D., Kuwabara, H., Kumar, A., Palermo, M., Abbey, R., Brasic, J.,... Ricaurte, G. A. (2008). Persistent cognitive and dopamine transporter deficits in abstinent methamphetamine users. Synapse, 62, 91-100.

Miller, E. K., & Cohen, J. D. (2001). An integrative theory of prefrontal cortex function. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 24, 167-202.

Miller, P. G. (2006). Dancing with death:The grey area between suicide related behavior, indifference and risk behaviors of heroin users. Contemporary Drug Problems, 33, 427-450.

Miyake, A., Friedman, N. P., Emerson, M. J., Witzki, A. H., Howerter, A., & Wager, T. D. (2000). The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex "frontal lobe" tasks:A latent variable analysis. Cognitive Psychology, 41, 49-100.

Monterosso, J. R., Aron, A. R., Cordova, X., Xu, J. S., & London, E. D. (2005). Deficits in response inhibition associated with chronic methamphetamine abuse. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 79, 273-277.

Morales, A. M., Lee, B., Hellemann, G., O'Neill, J., & London, E. D. (2012). Gray-matter volume in methamphetamine dependence:Cigarette smoking and changes with abstinence from methamphetamine. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 125, 230-238.

Mustanski, B. S., Viken, R. J., Kaprio, J., & Rose, R. J. (2003). Genetic influences on the association between personality risk factors and alcohol use and abuse. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112, 282-289.

Nestor, L. J., Ghahremani, D. G., Monterosso, J., & London, E. D. (2011). Prefrontal hypoactivation during cognitive control in early abstinent methamphetamine-dependent subjects. Psychiatry Research:Neuroimaging, 194, 287-295.

Paulus, M. P., Hozack, N., Frank, L., Brown, G. G., & Schuckit, M. A. (2003). Decision making by methamphetamine-dependent subjects is associated with error-rate-independent decrease in prefrontal and parietal activation. Biological Psychiatry, 53, 65-74.

Paulus, M. P., Hozack, N. E., Zauscher, B. E., Frank, L., Brown, G. G., & Braff, D. L.,... Schuckit, M. A. (2002). Behavioral and functional neuroimaging evidence for prefrontal dysfunction in methamphetamine-dependent subjects. Neuropsychopharmacology, 26, 53-63.

Rawson, R. A., Chudzynski, J., Mooney, L., Gonzales, R., Ang, A., Dickerson, D.,... Cooper, C. B. (2015a). Impact of an exercise intervention on methamphetamine use outcomes post-residential treatment care. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 156, 21-28.

Rawson, R. A., Chudzynski, J., Gonzales, R., Mooney, L., Dickerson, D., Ang, A.,... Cooper, C. B. (2015b). The impact of exercise on depression and anxiety symptoms among abstinent methamphetamine-dependent individuals in a residential treatment setting. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 57, 36-40.

Ridderinkhof, K. R., Ullsperger, M., Crone, E. A., & Nieuwenhuis, S. (2004). The role of the medial frontal cortex in cognitive control. Science, 306, 443-447.

Robinson, T. E., & Berridge, K. C. (2001). Incentive-sensitization and addiction. Addiction, 96, 103-114.

Robinson, T. E., & Berridge, K. C. (1993). The neural basis of drug craving:An incentive-sensitization theory of addiction. Brain Research Reviews, 18, 247-291.

Roussotte, F. F., Bramen, J. E., Nunez, S. C., Quandt, L. C., Smith, L., O'Connor, M. J.,... Sowell, E. R. (2011). Abnormal brain activation during working memory in children with prenatal exposure to drugs of abuse:The effects of methamphetamine, alcohol, and polydrug exposure. NeuroImage, 54, 3067-3075.

Salo, R., Ursu, S., Buonocore, M. H., Leamon, M. H., & Carter, C. (2009a). Impaired prefrontal cortical function and disrupted adaptive cognitive control in methamphetamine abusers:a functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Biological Psychiatry, 65, 706-709.

Salo, R., Nordahl, T. E., Buonocore, M. H., Natsuaki, Y., Waters, C., & Moore, C. D.,... Leamon, M. H. (2009b). Cognitive control and white matter callosal microstructure in methamphetamine-dependent subjects:A diffusion tensor imaging study. Biological Psychiatry, 65, 122-128.

Salo, R., Fassbender, C., Buonocore, M. H., & Ursu, S. (2013). Behavioral regulation in methamphetamine abusers:An fMRI study. Psychiatry Research:Neuroimaging, 211, 234-238.

Shahbabaie, A., Golesorkhi, M., Zamanian, B., Ebrahimpoor, M., Keshvari, F., Nejati, V.,... Ekhtiari, H. (2014). State dependent effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on methamphetamine craving. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 17, 1591-1598.

Shariatirad, S., Vaziri, A., Hassani-Abharian, P., Sharifi Fardshad, M., Molavi, N., & Fitzgerald, P. B. (2016). Cumulative and booster effects of tdcs sessions on drug cravings, lapse, and cognitive impairment in methamphetamine use disorder:A case study report. The American Journal on Addictions, 25, 264-266.

Sung, Y. H., Cho, S. C., Hwang, J., Kim, S. J., Kim, H., Bae, S.,... Lyoo, I. K. (2007). Relationship between N-acetyl-aspartate in gray and white matter of abstinent metha-mphetamine abusers and their history of drug abuse:A proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 88, 28-35.

Schoenbaum, G., Roesch, M. R., & Stalnaker, T. A. (2006). Orbitofrontal cortex, decision-making and drug addiction. Trends in Neurosciences, 29, 116-124.

Smout, M. F., Longo, M., Harrison, S., Minniti, R., Wickes, W., & White, J. M. (2010). Psychosocial treatment for methamphetamine use disorders:A preliminary randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy. Substance Abuse, 31, 98-107.

Shoptaw, S., Heinzerling, K. G., Rotheram-Fuller, E., Steward, T., Wang, J., Swanson, A. N.,... Ling, W. (2008). Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of bupropion for the treatment of methamphetamine dependence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 96, 222-232.

Stewart, J. L., Connolly, C. G., May, A. C., Tapert, S. F., Wittmann, M., & Paulus, M. P. (2014). Striatum and insula dysfunction during reinforcement learning differentiates abstinent and relapsed methamphetamine-dependent individuals. Addiction, 109, 460-471.

Stewart, J. L., Connolly, C. G., May, A. C., Tapert, S. F., Wittmann, M., & Paulus, M. P. (2014). Striatum and insula dysfunction during reinforcement learning differentiates abstinent and relapsed methamphetamine-dependent individuals. Addiction, 109, 460-471.

Stoltzfus, E. R., Hasher, L., Zacks, R. T., Ulivi, M. S., & Goldstein, D. (1993). Investigations of inhibition and interference in younger and older adults. Journal of Gerontology, 48, 179-188.

Szatkowska, I., Szymańska, O., Bojarski, P., & Grabowska, A. (2007). Cognitive inhibition in patients with medial orbitofrontal damage. Experimental Brain Research, 181, 109-115.

Tekin, S., & Cummings, J. L. (2002). Frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits and clinical neuropsychiatry:An update. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 53, 647-654.

Thompson, P. M., Hayashi, K. M., Simon, S. L., Geaga, J. A., Hong, M. S., Sui, Y. H.,... London, E. D. (2004). Structural abnormalities in the brains of human subjects who use methamphetamine. The Journal of Neuroscience, 24, 6028-6036.

Tolliver, B. K., Price, K. L., Baker, N. L., LaRowe, S. D., Simpson, A. N., McRae-Clark, A. L.,... Brady, K. T. (2012). Impaired cognitive performance in subjects with methamphetamine dependence during exposure to neutral versus methamphetamine-related cues. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 38, 251-259.

Tziortzis, D., Mahoney, J. J. Ⅲ., Kalechstein, A. D., Newton, T. F., & de la Garza, R. Ⅱ. (2011). The relationship between impulsivity and craving in cocaine-and methamphetamine-dependent volunteers. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 98, 196-202.

van Rensburg, K. J., Taylor, A., Benattayallah, A., & Hodgson, T. (2012). The effects of exercise on cigarette cravings and brain activation in response to smoking-related images. Psychopharmacology, 221, 659-666.

Verdejo-García, A., & Pérez-García, M. (2007). Profile of executive deficits in cocaine and heroin polysubstance users:Common and differential effects on separate executive components. Psychopharmacology, 190, 517-530.

Verdejo-García, A., Lawrence, A. J., & Clark, L. (2008). Impulsivity as a vulnerability marker for substance-use disorders:Review of findings from high-risk research, problem gamblers and genetic association studies. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 32, 777-810.

Wallis, J. D. (2007). Orbitofrontal cortex and its contribution to decision-making. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 30, 31-56.

Wang, L. J., Lin, S. K., Chen, Y. C., Huang, M. C., Chen, T. T., Ree, S. C., & Chen, C. K. (2016a). Differences in clinical features of methamphetamine users with persistent psychosis and patients with schizophrenia. Psychopathology, 49, 108-115.

Wang, D. S., Zhou, C. L., & Chang, Y. K. (2015). Acute exercise ameliorates craving and inhibitory deficits in methamphetamine:An ERP study. Physiology & Behavior, 147, 38-46.

Wang, D. S., Zhou, C. L., Zhao, M., Wu, X. P., & Chang, Y. K. (2016b). Dose-response relationships between exercise intensity, cravings, and inhibitory control in methamphetamine dependence:An ERPs study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 161, 331-339.

Yin, J. J., Ma, S. H., Xu, K., Wang, Z. X., Le, H. B., Huang, J. Z.,... Cai, Z. L. (2012). Functional magnetic resonance imaging of methamphetamine craving. Clinical Imaging, 36, 695-701.

Yuan, J., Liu, X. D., Han, M., Lv, R. B., Wang, Y. K., Zhang, G. M., & Li, Y. (2017). Comparison of striatal dopamine transporter levels in chronic heroin-dependent and methamphetamine-dependent subjects. Addiction Biology, 22, 229-234.

Yun, K., Park, H. K., Kwon, D. H., Kim, Y. T., Cho, S. N., Cho, H. J.,... Jeong, J. (2012). Decreased cortical complexity in methamphetamine abusers. Psychiatry Research:Neuroimaging, 201, 226-232.

Zarrabi, H., Khalkhali, M., Hamidi, A., Ahmadi, R., & Zavarmousavi, M. (2016). Clinical features, course and treatment of methamphetamine-induced psychosis in psychiatric inpatients. BMC Psychiatry, 16, 44.

Zhong, N., Jiang, H. F., Du, J., Zhao, Y., Sun, H. M., Xu, D.,... Zhao, M. (2016). The cognitive impairments and psychological wellbeing of methamphetamine dependent patients compared with health controls. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 69, 31-37.

Zhuang, S. M., & Chen, F. (2016). Chinese adolescents and youth with methamphetamine dependence:Prevalence and concurrent psychological problems. Nursing Research, 65, 117-124.