DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01982

Advances in Psychological Science (心理科学进展) 2017/25:11 PP.1982-1991

Power Basis Theory: A kind of power corresponding to survival needs

Power is the core of social relationships and social actions, and it also corresponds to survival needs and associates with one's quality of life. Using a psycho-ecological approach, Power Basis Theory defines power as the ability to meet one's basic survival needs given one's own capabilities in the context of environmental and affordances. In this unique contribution, Power Basis Theory further identifies six types of power, each of which meets a distinct survival need. The actions and social transations people use to try to meet their needs create social and ecological changes for those in one's social field. These dynamics may produce greater inequality through power transaction which is fungible rather than exchangeable. Thus, the framework addresses where each type of power comes from pertaining to interpersonal and intergroup levels, and provides processes by which power connects to social inequality. Power Basis Theory provides a new approach for research on the social psychology of power.

Key words:Power Basis Theory,needs,psycho–ecological approach,power dynamic

ReleaseDate:2017-12-29 17:51:45

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