DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00027

Advances in Psychological Science (心理科学进展) 2019/27:1 PP.27-36

The inversion effect of body recognition

The studies for body recognition processing often focus on inverted body. And the body inversion effect refers to the fact that the reaction time to identify the inverted body is longer and the correct rate is lower than that to the upright body. Recently, researchers have used a variety of techniques to examine the effect and its configural processing mechanism, in which there are still controversy about the role of head information. In addition, now available body inversion effect mainly concentrated on the configural processing theory and the configural processing continuum theory, however there are still some discrepancies between the two theories in terms of the subcomponents involved in the configural processing. Further researches, with more special populations involved, can focus on the improvements of relevant theories and the specific role of head information, through using materials of high ecological validity.

Key words:body inversion effect,head information,configural processing theory,configural processing continuum theory

ReleaseDate:2019-01-28 10:22:47

陈丽, 李伟霞, 张烨, 张庆林. (2015). 躯体知觉的认知神经机制. 心理科学, 38(1), 85-92.

范聪, 陈顺森, 张灵聪, 罗文波. (2014). 身体表情加工的神经机制. 心理学进展, 4(3), 506-514.

陶维东, 孙弘进, 张旭东, 郑剑虹. (2011). 非面孔物体倒置效应形成过程的认知神经机制. 心理科学进展, 19(8), 1104-1114.

汪海玲, 傅世敏. (2011). 面孔倒置效应的研究与理论述评. 心理科学进展, 19(11), 1588-1594.

汪亚珉, 黄雅梅. (2011). 面孔识别中的构形加工与特征加工. 心理科学进展, 19(8), 1126-1137.

Arizpe, J. M., Mckean, D. L., Tsao, J. W., & Chan, A. W. Y. (2017). Where you look matters for body perception:Preferred gaze location contributes to the body inversion effect. PLoS ONE, 12(1), e0169148.

Bentin, S., Allison, T., Puce, A., Perez, E., & Mccarthy, G. (2009). Electrophysiological studies of face perception in humans. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 8(6), 551-65.

Brandman, T., & Yovel, G. (2010). The body inversion effect is mediated by face-selective, not body-selective, mechanisms. The Journal of Neuroscience, 30(31), 10534-10540.

Brandman, T., & Yovel, G. (2016). Bodies are represented as wholes rather than their sum of parts in the occipital-emporal cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 26(2), 530-543.

Cabeza, R., & Kato, T. (2000). Features are also important:Contributions of featural and configural processing to face recognition. Psychological Science, 11(5), 429-433.

Cave, C. B., & Kosslyn, S. M. (1993). The role of parts and spatial relations in object identification. Perception, 22(2), 229-248.

Chang, D. H. F., & Troje, N. F. (2009). Acceleration carries the local inversion effect in biological motion perception. Journal of Vision, 9(1), 1-17.

Cleary, L., Looney, K., Brady, N., & Fitzgerald, M. (2014). Inversion effects in the perception of the moving human form:A comparison of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing adolescents. Autism, 18(8), 943-952.

de Gelder, B. (2016). Why bodies? In B. de Gelder (Eds.), Emotions and the body (pp. 1-22). New York, US:Oxford University Press.

de Gelder, B., Van den Stock, J., Meeren, H. K. M., Sinke, C. B. A., Kret, M. E., & Tamietto, M. (2010). Standing up for the body. Recent progress in uncovering the networks involved in the perception of bodies and bodily expressions. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 34(4), 513-27.

Gauthier, I., & Tarr, M. J. (1997). Becoming a "Greeble" expert:Exploring mechanisms for face recognition. Vision Research, 37(12), 1673-1682.

Gauthier, I., Williams, P., Tarr, M. J., & Tanaka, J. (1998). Training ‘greeble’ experts:A framework for studying expert object recognition processes. Vision Research, 38(15-16), 2401-2428.

Le Grand, R. L., Mondloch, C. J., Maurer, D., & Brent, H. P. (2001). Neuroperception:Early visual experience and face processing. Nature, 410(6831), 890.

Groves, K., Kennett, S., & Gillmeister, H. (2017). Evidence for ERP biomarkers of eating disorder symptoms in women. Biological Psychology, 123, 205-219.

Haig, N. D. (2013). The effect of feature displacement on face recognition. Perception, 42(11), 1158-1165.

Harris, A., Vyas, D. B., & Reed, C. L. (2016). Holistic processing for bodies and body parts:New evidence from stereoscopic depth manipulations. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23(5), 1513-1519.

Itier, R. J., & Taylor, M. J. (2004a). Effects of repetition learning on upright, inverted and contrast-reversed face processing using ERPs. NeuroImage, 21(4), 1518-1532.

Itier, R. J., & Taylor, M. J. (2004b). Face recognition memory and configural processing:A developmental ERP study using upright, inverted, and contrast-reversed faces. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16(3), 487-502.

Itier, R. J., & Taylor, M. J. (2004c). N170 or N1? Spatiotemporal differences between object and face processing using ERPs. Cerebral Cortex, 14(2), 132-142.

Kanwisher, N. (2010). Functional specificity in the human brain:A window into the functional architecture of the mind. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(25), 11163-11170.

Lefaucheur, J. P., André-Obadia, N., Antal, A., Ayache, S. S., Baeken, C., Benninger, D. H.,... Garcia-Larrea, L. (2014). Evidence-based guidelines on the therapeutic use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Clinical Neurophysiology, 125(11), 2150-2206.

Luck, S. J. (2014). Overview of common ERP components. In S. J. Luck (Eds.), An introduction to the event-related potential technique (2 ed., pp. 71-117). Cambridge, Massachusetts:MIT press.

Maurer, D., Le Grand, R., & Mondloch, C. J. (2002). The many faces of configural processing. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6(6), 255-260.

Minnebusch, D. A., Suchan, B., & Daum, I. (2009). Losing your head:Behavioral and electrophysiological effects of body inversion. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 21(5), 865-874.

Mohamed, T. N., Neumann, M. F., & Schweinberger, S. R. (2011). Combined effects of attention and inversion on event-related potentials to human bodies and faces. Cognitive Neuroscience, 2(3-4), 138-146.

Papeo, L., Stein, T., & Soto-Faraco, S. (2017). The two-body inversion effect. Psychological Science, 28(3), 369-379.

Peelen, M. V., & Downing, P. E. (2007). The neural basis of visual body perception. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8(8), 636-648.

Reed, C. L., Beall, P. M., Stone, V. E., Kopelioff, L., Pulham, D. J., & Hepburn, S. L. (2007). Brief report:Perception of body posture-What individuals with autism spectrum disorder might be missing. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(8), 1576-1584.

Reed, C. L., Stone, V. E., Bozova, S., & Tanaka, J. (2003). The body-inversion effect. Psychological Science, 14(4), 302-308.

Reed, C. L., Stone, V. E., Grubb, J. D., & Mcgoldrick, J. E. (2006). Turning configural processing upside down:Part and whole body postures. Journal of Experimental Psychology:Human Perception and Performance, 32(1), 73-87.

Rezlescu, C., Susilo, T., Wilmer, J. B., & Caramazza, A. (2017). The inversion, part-whole, and composite effects reflect distinct perceptual mechanisms with varied relationships to face recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology:Human Perception and Performance,43(12), 1961-1973.

Righart, R., & de Gelder, B. (2007). Impaired face and body perception in developmental prosopagnosia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(43), 17234-17238.

Rivolta, D., Lawson, R. P., & Palermo, R. (2016). More than just a problem with faces:Altered body perception in a group of congenital prosopagnosics. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70(2), 276-286.

Robbins, R. A., & Coltheart, M. (2012). The effects of inversion and familiarity on face versus body cues to person recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology:Human Perception and Performance, 38(5), 1098-1104.

Rossion, B., & Jacques, C. (2008). Does physical interstimulus variance account for early electrophysiological face sensitive responses in the human brain? Ten lessons on the N170. NeuroImage, 39(4), 1959-1979.

Shao, H. Y., Weng, X. C., & He, S. (2017). Functional organization of the face-sensitive areas in human occipital-temporal cortex. NeuroImage, 157, 129-143.

Soria Bauser, D., & Suchan, B. (2013). Behavioral and electrophysiological correlates of intact and scrambled body perception. Clinical Neurophysiology, 124(4), 686-696.

Soria, B. D., & Suchan, B. (2015). Is the whole the sum of its parts? Configural processing of headless bodies in the right fusiform gyrus. Behavioural Brain Research, 281, 102-110.

Stein, T., Sterzer, P., & Peelen, M. V. (2012). Privileged detection of conspecifics:Evidence from inversion effects during continuous flash suppression. Cognition, 125(1), 64-79.

Stekelenburg, J. J., & de Gelder, B. (2004). The neural correlates of perceiving human bodies:An ERP study on the body-inversion effect. Neuroreport, 15(5), 777-780.

Susilo, T., Yovel, G., Barton, J. J. S., & Duchaine, B. (2013). Face perception is category-specific:Evidence from normal body perception in acquired prosopagnosia. Cognition, 129(1), 88-94.

Tanaka, J. W., & Farah, M. J. (1993). Parts and wholes in face recognition. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A:Human Experimental Psychology, 46(2), 225-245.

Tao, W. D., & Sun, H. J. (2013). Configural processing in body posture recognition:An eye-tracking study. Neuroreport, 24(16), 903-910.

Tao, W. D., Zeng, W. X., & Sun, H. J. (2014). Behavioral and electrophysiological measures of the body inversion effect:The contribution of the limb configurations. Neuroreport, 25(14), 1099-1108.

Taylor, J. C., Wiggett, A. J., & Downing, P. E. (2007). Functional MRI analysis of body and body part representations in the extrastriate and fusiform body areas. Journal of Neurophysiology, 98(3), 1626-1633.

Urgesi, C., Calvo-Merino, B., Haggard, P., & Aglioti, S. M. (2007). Transcranial magnetic stimulation reveals two cortical pathways for visual body processing. Journal of Neuroscience, 27(30), 8023-8030.

Urgesi, C., Fornasari, L., Canalaz, F., Perini, L., Cremaschi, S., Faleschini, L.,... Fabbro, F. (2014). Impaired configural body processing in anorexia nervosa:Evidence from the body inversion effect. British Journal of Psychology, 105(4), 486-508.

Willems, S., Vrancken, L., Germeys, F., & Verfaillie, K. (2014). Holistic processing of human body postures:Evidence from the composite effect. Frontiers in Psychology, 5(7), 618.

Yin, R. K. (1969). Looking at upside-down faces. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 81(1), 141-145.

Yovel, G., & Kanwisher, N. (2005). The neural basis of the behavioral face-inversion effect. Current Biology, 15(24), 2256-2262.

Yovel, G., Pelc, T., & Lubetzky, I. (2010). It's all in your head:Why is the body inversion effect abolished for headless bodies? Journal of Experimental Psychology:Human Perception and Performance, 36(3), 759-767.