DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1148.2011.00067

Arid Zone Research (干旱区研究) 2011/28:1 PP.67-73

Formation, Distribution and Transport of Shallow Groundwater in Arid Areas, China

Formation of shallow groundwater is an inter-transform process of precipitation, surface water and groundwater. Formation of shallow groundwater in the arid areas in China, where shallow groundwater relies mainly on runoff from the debouchures of rivers, is quite different from that in the humid regions in east China and the high-cold Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. The studies reveal that mountainous groundwater is mainly recharged by rainfall (or glacial-snow melt water) permeation in the arid areas in China. Rainfall recharges rivers after it is transformed as surface water, and also plays a certain role in the formation process of shallow groundwater in the plain basins. Shallow groundwater in the plain basins is mainly recharged by surface runoff permeation downstream from the debouchures. Groundwater and surface water is from the mountainous regions. Affected by geologic and geomorphologic conditions, the multiple transform processes of groundwater and surface water in the plain basins provide the advantages for utilizing groundwater and the favorite conditions for improving the local social and economic development and people’s life.

Key words:shallow groundwater,surface water,distribution,basin plain,mountainous region,arid area,China

ReleaseDate:2014-07-21 15:54:31

[1] 唐数红.干旱区水利的生态观[J].干旱区研究,2005,22(1):1-3.[Tang Shuhong.Ecological conception for water conservancy in arid areas[J].Arid Zone Research,2005,22(1):1-3.]

[2] 陈曦.中国干旱区土地利用与土地覆被变化[M].北京:科学出版社,2008.[Chen Xi.Land Use/Cover Change in Arid Areas of China[M].Beijing:Sience Press,2008.]

[3] 张鸿义.中国干旱区地下水资源及开发潜力分析[J].干旱区研究,2009,26(2):149-161.[Zhang Hongyi.Groundwater resources and their exploitation potential in arid areas in China[J].Arid Zone Research,2009,26(2):149-161.]

[4] 胡汝骥,樊自立,王亚俊,等.中国西北干旱区的地下水资源及其特征[J].自然资源学报,2002,17(3):321-326.[Hu Ruji,Fan Zili,Wang Yajun,et al. Groundwater resources and their characteristics in arid lands of Northwestern China[J].Journal Natural Resources,2002,17(3):321-326.]

[5] 胡汝骥.中国天山自然地理[M].北京:中国环境科学出版社,2004.[Hu Ruji.Physical Geography of the Tianshan Mountains in China[M].Beijing:China Environmental Science Press,2004.]

[6] 丁宏伟,张举.河西走廊地下水化学特征及其演化规律[J].干旱区研究,2005,22(1):24-28.[Ding Hongwei,Zhang Ju. Goechemical properties and evolution of groundwater beneath the Hexi Corridor,Gansu Province[J].Arid Zone Research,2005,22(1):24-28.]

[7] 张宗祜,李烈荣.中国地下水资源:新疆卷[M].北京:中国地图出版社,2005.[Zhang Zonggu,Li Lierong.China Groundwater Resources:Xinjiang Volume[M].Beijing:SinoMaps Press,2005.]

[8] 张鸿义,许风林.塔克拉玛干沙漠中的古河道与地下水[J].新疆地质,1994,12(3):249-258.[Zhang Hongyi,Xu Fenglin. Paleochannel and groundwater in Taklimakan Desert[J]. Xinjiang Geology,1994,12(3):249-258.]

[9] 张宗祜,李烈荣.中国地下水资源:甘肃卷[M].北京:中国地图出版社,2005.[Zhang Zonggu,Li Lierong. China Groundwater Resources:Gansu Volume[M].Beijing:SinoMaps Press,2005.]

[10] 张宗祜,李烈荣.中国地下水资源:内蒙古卷[M].北京:中国地图出版社,2005. [Zhang Zonggu,Li Lierong. China Groundwater Resources:Inner Mongolia Volume[M].Beijing:SinoMaps Press,2005.]