Arid Zone Research (干旱区研究) 2011/28:1 PP.158-162
In this paper, the change of sunshine duration and its affecting factors are analyzed based on the data of sunshine duration and occurring days of blowing dust, floating dust and sandstorm in Kashgar, Xinjiang during the period 1970-2008. The results show that the sunshine duration was increased notably in recent 39 years. There were the significant seasonal and annual variations of sunshine duration. The sunshine duration was changed insignificantly in the 1970s, sharply decreased in the 1980s, slightly decreased in the 1990s, but sharply increased during the period of 2000-2008. There was a 28-year periodic change of sunshine duration in Kashgar, and also a 25-year one in recent 39 years. An abrupt change of sunshine duration occurred in 1997. The significant increase of annual, spring and summer sunshine durations was mainly caused by the obvious reduction of floating dust, however sandstorm and blowing dust were not the main factors affecting the sunshine duration in Kashgar.
 Houghton J T,Ding Y,Griggs D J,et al. Climate Change 2001: The Science of Climate Change[M].New York:Cambridge University Press,2001:156-159.
 胡汝骥, 姜逢清, 王亚俊, 等. 新疆气候由暖干向暖湿转变的信号及影响[J].干旱区地理, 2002, 25(3): 194-200. [Hu Ruji, Jiang Fengqing, Wang Yajun, et al. A study on signals and effects of climatic pattern change from warm-dry to warm-wet in Xinjiang[J]. Arid Land Geography,2002,25(3):194-200.]
 薛燕, 韩萍, 冯国华. 半个世纪以来新疆降水和气温的变化趋势[J]. 干旱区研究, 2003, 20(2):127-130. [Xue Yan,Han Ping,Feng Gouhua. Change trend of the precipitation and air temperature in Xinjiang recent 50 years [J]. Arid Zone Research,2003,20(2):127-130.]
 马淑红, 雄建国, 杨新才, 等. 太阳能电站日照时数推算[J]. 气象, 2000, 26(2): 45-49. [Ma Shuhong, Xiong Jianguo, Yang Xincai, et al. A calculation of sunshine duration at the solar energy power station in Tarim Basin[J]. Meteorological Monthly,2000,26(2):45-49.]
 胡汝骥, 樊自立, 王亚俊, 等. 近50 a新疆气候变化对环境影响评估[J].干旱区地理, 2001, 24(2):97-103.[Hu Ruji, Fan Zili, Wang Yajun, et al. Assessment the impact of climate change on environment in Xinjiang since recent 50 years[J].Arid Land Geography,2001,24(2): 97-103.]
 马志福, 谭芳. 塔里木盆地日照时数分布规律研究及应用[J].资源科学, 2000,20(2): 40-45. [Ma Zhifu, Tan Fang. A study on distribution law of sunshine hours and their application in Tarim Basin[J]. Resources Science,2000,20(2):40-45.]
 王华, 牛清明. 阿克苏市日照时数的突变检测分析[J].新疆气象, 2002,25(3): 14-15. [Wang Hua, Niu Qingming. Detection and analysis of the sunshine duration catastrophes in Akesucity[J].Xinjing Meteorology,2002,25(3):14-15.]
 郭慕萍, 王志伟, 秦爱民,等. 54年来中国西北地区降水量的变化[J].干旱区研究, 2009, 26(1): 120-125.[Guo Muping,Wang Zhiwei,Qin Aimin,et al.Changes in precipitation in northwest China over the last 54 years[J].Arid Zone Research,2009,26(1):120-125.]
 满苏尔·沙比提, 艾克拜尔·艾尔肯, 迪里夏提·司马义. 近50年来新疆莎车县气候变化特征及其成因[J].干旱区研究,2009, 26(5): 621-627.[Mansur Sabit,Akbar Arkin,Dilxat Ismal. Analysis on climatic change and its cause in Shache County in recent 50 years [J]. Arid Zone Research,2009,26(5):621-627.]
 孙本国, 毛炜峄, 冯燕茹, 等.叶尔羌河流域气温、降水及径流变化特征分析[J].干旱区研究, 2006, 23(2): 203-209.[Sun Benguo,Mao Weiyi,Feng Yanru,et al. Study on the change of air temperature,precipition and runoff volume in the Yarkant river basin [J]. Arid Zone Research,2006,23(2):203-209.]
 符淙斌, 王强. 气候突变的定义和检测方法[J]. 大气科学, 1992, 16(4): 482-493. [Fu Congbin, Wang Qiang. The definition and detection of the abrupt climate change[J]. Scientia Atmospheres Sinica, 1992,16(4):482-493.]
 马禹, 王旭, 黄镇, 等.新疆沙尘天气的演化特征及影响因子[J]. 干旱区地理, 2006, 29(2): 178-185.[Ma Yu,Wang Xu,Huang Zhen, et al. Change in space-time distribution of sand-dust and influence of climatic factors[J]. Arid Land Geography,2006,29(2): 178-185.]