Biodiversity Science (生物多样性) 2014/22:6 PP.733-736
North Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonesis) is an endemic subspecies of the leopard in China. The basic ecological data of the leopard, such as the distribution, population and it’s dynamic, behavior, prey, is least known for lacking of a long-term study. The present paper reported a 7-year monitoring and survey on North Chinese leopard and it’s prey in Qingcheng Forest Farm of Jinzhong prefecture, Shanxi using camera traps. The monitoring recorded 14 individuals of leopard, with 11 adults (3 females and 8 males) and 3 cubs between May of 2007 and April of 2014. A residential female leopard bred 3 cubs in 2008 and 2009. The main prey of ungulates is wild boar (Sus scrofa) and roe deer (Capreolus pygargus). The relative abundance index (RAI) of wild boar and roe deer were 4.16 and 1.35 individuals/km2, and absolute density were 3.48 and 3.61 individuals/km2 , respectively.
Campbell TA, Long DB (2010) Activity patterns of wild boars (Sus scrofa) in southern Texas. The Southwestern Nature, 55, 564-600.
Gao EH (郜二虎), Hu DF (胡德夫), Wang ZC (王志臣), Bai QS (白庆生) (2007) An investigation of leopards in Liupan Mountain Nature Reserve. Forest Resources Management (林业资源管理), (1), 80-82. (in Chinese).
Henschel P, Hunter L, Breitenmoser U, Purchase N, Packer C, Khorozyan I, Bauer H, Marker L, Sogbohossou E, Breitenmoser-Wursten C (2014) Panthera pardus. In: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2.
Karanth KU (1995) Estimating tiger populations from cam-era-trap data using capture-recapture models. Biological Conservation, 71, 333-338.
Karanth KU, Nichols JD (1998) Estimation of tiger densities in India using photographic captures and recaptures. Ecology, 79, 2852-2862.
Kostyrial AV, Skorodelov AS, Miquelle DG, Aramilev VV, McCullough D (2003) Results of Camera Trap Survey of Far Eastern Leopard Population in Southwest Primorski Krai, Winter 2002-2003. Wildlife Conservation Society, Institute of Sustainable Use of Nature Resources, University of Cali-fornia (Berkeley), Vladivostok, Russia.
Liu WS (刘伟石), Hu DF (胡德夫), Gao EH (郜二虎) (2007) Surviving status of leopard (Panthera pardus) in Gansu Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoology (四川动物), 26, 86-88. (in Chinese)
Miththapala S, Seidensticker J, O'Brien SJ (1996) Phylog-eographic subspecies recognition in leopards (Panthera pardus): molecular genetic variation. Conservation Biology, 10, 1115-1132.
Nowell K, Jackson P (1996) Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
O'Brien TG, Kinnaird MF, Wbisono HT (2003) Crouching tigers, hidden prey: Sumatran tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape. Animal Conservation, 6, 131-139.
O'Connell AF, Nichols JD, Karanth KU (2010) Camera trap in animal ecology: methods and analyses. Springer, Tokyo.
Rowcliffe JM, Field J, Turvey ST, Carbone C (2008) Estimating animal density using camera traps without the need for individual recognition. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45, 1228-1236.
Shangguan TL (上官铁梁) (1985) A preliminary study on the main vegetation types and their distribution in Shanxi province. Journal of Shanxi University (山西大学学报), (1), 72-82. (in Chinese)
Simcharoen S, Pattanavibool A, Karanth KU, Nichols JD, Kumar NS (2007) How many tigers Panthera tigris are there in Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand? An estimate using photographic capture-recapture sampling. Oryx, 41, 447-453.
Stephens PA, Zaumyslova OYU, Miquelle DG, Myslenkov AI, Hayward GD (2006) Estimating population density from in-direct sign: track counts and the Formozov-Malyshev-Pe-releshin formula. Animal Conservation, 9, 339-348.
Wang CP (王春平), Liu JP (刘继平), Fang BH (方保华), Qu JS (曲进社), Guo GQ (郭国杞), Zhang QL (张全来), Lu CX (卢春霞), Xu XJ (徐新杰) (2001) The field status and conservation research of the leopards in Henan Province. Journal of Henan Forestry Science and Technology (河南林业科技), 21, 9-11. (in Chinese)
Wang SW, Macdonald DW (2009) The use of camera traps for estimating tiger and leopard populations in the high altitude mountains of Bhutan. Biological Conservation, 142, 606-613.
Zheng JG (郑敬刚), Zhang YF (张有福), Wang Y (王云), Dong DP (董东平) (2009) The characteristics of plant distribution and diversity in the middle section of Taihang Mountain. Henan Science (河南科技), 27, 292-294. (in Chinese with English abstract).