Biodiversity Science (生物多样性) 2014/22:6 PP.752-757
Khulan(Equus hemionus) are a first class, nationally protected animal in China. From April to November 2013, 28 infrared cameras were set up at 13 watering holes to study the activity rhythms of this species in the Mount Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve, Xinjiang, China. The results showed that activity frequency was greatest in autumn (2, 679 identification photos), then summer (1, 990), and lowest in spring (294). Average aggregation of E. hemionusto watering holes was greater in daylight hours than at nights. Daily activity at watering holes peaked between 0:00–1:00, declined rapidly between 7:00–9:00, was lowest between 12:00–13:00 and 16:00–17:00 and rose rapidly between 21:00–22:00. Studying the activity of Equus hemionus around watering holes will provide a basis for effective protection and management of desert ungulates in northern Xinjiang. Additionally, it provides a baseline for the sympatric reintroduction of Equus przewalskii.
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