DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2018.01011

Chinese Journal of Chromatography (色谱) 2018/36:6 PP.573-577

Determination of four phenolic estrogens in water samples by pressure-assisted electrokinetic injection coupled with capillary electrophoresis

A capillary electrophoresis (CE) method was developed for the simultaneous separation and determination of four phenolic estrogens (PEs), in which pressure-assisted electrokinetic injection (PAEKI) was adopted as the on-line concentration method to enrich the PEs. Several parameters affecting PAEKI conditions such as injection voltage and injection time, were systematically investigated and compared with the usual parameters. Under the optimized PAEKI conditions (-9 kV, 0.3 psi (ca. 2.1 kPa), 0.4 min), the four PEs separated completely within 7 min. Good linearities were attained in the range of 0.05-5 mg/L for hexestrol and dienestrol, and 0.1-10 mg/L for bisphenol A and diethylstilbestrol, with correlation coefficients (r) over 0.9936. The limits of detection (S/N=3) were 0.0071-0.017 mg/L, and enrichment factors ranged from 11 to 15 compared to normal hydrodynamic injection. The combined micellar electrokinetic chromatographic-PAEKI method developed was used to determine the PEs in tap water and lake water samples; limits of quantification (S/N=10) of 0.029-0.064 mg/L and 0.033-0.079 mg/L were attained, respectively, by the two sample types. Furthermore, recoveries ranged from 75.6% to 110.1% with relative standard deviations (n=5) within 4.6%-11.8%. To use this PAEKI method, researchers would only need to adjust the parameters of the CE apparatus to perform on-line enrichment of analytes, without using other reagents; this demonstrates the simplicity, rapidity, and highly automated nature of this method.

Key words:capillary electrophoresis (CE),pressure-assisted electrokinetic injection (PAEKI),micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC),phenolic estrogens (PEs),water samples

ReleaseDate:2018-07-02 20:49:10

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