DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1263.2012.05281

Journal of Geriatric Cardiology 2012/9:4 PP.389-400

Past and present of cardiocirculatory assist devices: a comprehensive critical review

During the last 20 years, the management of heart failure has significantly improved by means of new pharmacotherapies, more timely invasive treatments and device assisted therapies. Indeed, advances in mechanical support, namely with the development of more efficient left ventricular assist devices (LVADs), and the total artificial heart have reduced mortality and morbidity in patients awaiting transplantation, so much so, that LVADs are now approved of as a strategy for destination therapy. In this review, the authors describe in detail the current basic indications, functioning modalities, main limitations of surgical LAVDs, total artificial heart development, and percutaneous assist devices, trying to clarify this complex, but fascinating topic.

Key words:Heart failure,Devices,Cardiocirculatory support,Heart transplant,Cardiac surgery

ReleaseDate:2014-07-21 16:32:18

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