Journal of Inorganic Materials (无机材料学报) 2014/29:7 PP.758-762
Porous lead zirconate titanate (PZT95/5) ceramics were prepared by adding pore formers. The effects of pore structures including porosity, pore size and pore shape on the mechanical and ferroelectric properties of the porous PZT95/5 ceramics and their mechanisms were investigated, and the relationships between the microstructures and the mechanical and ferroelectric properties were revealed. The results showed that increase in porosity improved the acoustic impedance matching between ceramics and encapsulating materials by reducing the sound impedance values. With increase in porosity, the yield stress and remnant polarization (Pr) of the porous PZT95/5 ceramics decreased, while the coercive electric field increased. The porous PZT95/5 ceramics with spherical pores exhibited higher yield stress and remnant polarization (Pr) than that with irregular pores. The porous PZT95/5 ceramics with larger pore size exhibited lower yield stress and remnant polarization. However, compared with pore shape, pore size had minor effects on the yield stress and remnant polarization properties of the porous PZT95/5 ceramics. The effect of pore structure on the yield stress could be explained by stress concentration theory. The microscopic internal stress combined with space-charge theory was used to explain the variation of the remnant polarization with the pore structure.
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