DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1224.2013.00382

Journal of Ournal of Engineering Studies (工程研究——跨学科视野中的工程) 2013/5:4 PP.382-394

The History, Experiences and Inspiration of Traffic Administrative System of USA

During the history of American transport, there are two transport revolutions. The first revolution happened during 18th century to 19th century, and the other one is the new revolution which happened since 1990s. The first revolution has finished the transport infrastructure, and the latter has changed the developing idea from infrastructure to sustainable, comprehensive and coordinating transport. During the past two centuries, the gov-ernment administration is constantly evolving in the management of transportation. This article, taking the history of traffic administration system of United States as the main line, reappears the historical background of system transformation, and describes the changes of American transport management system from scattered to centralized management and the government regulation from strengthen to relax. It also analyzes the features of current sys-tem and the operation effect, summarizes the main methods and experience of the U.S. government in traffic management . This paper aims to provide the experiences and inspiration of American administration to Chinese government’s transportation reform.

Key words:United States,transport,management system,history,governing idea

ReleaseDate:2014-07-24 09:31:05