Journal of Ournal of Engineering Studies (工程研究——跨学科视野中的工程) 2013/5:4 PP.418-427
Combined with the background of political reform, social economic development , transportation policy and legal institutions of France, this pape reviews the evolution of transportation administrative system since year 1870. It also divides the 140 years development into five stages: stage one from year 1870 to 1940s, which emphasizes the construction and management of highways and railways; stage two from 1940s to 1970s, during which the development of highway and railway network has been accelerated and highway traffic has developed rapidly; stage three from 1970s to 1990s, which gave emphasis on public transport, and the concept of environmental protection was widely accepted; stage four from 1990s to early twenty-first century, during which reform of railway and in-tegrated transportation has been carried out; stage five since year 2007 until now, during which great importance has been attached to ecology, energy and sustainable development. This paper further states the focus about transportation administration in each stage, and introduces the framework of France transportation administrative system at present. At last, the paper summarizes the characteristics of French transportation administrative system, which are adopting super-ministry system, continuous changes and the tendency of macro government administration. The paper also proposes some inspirations for our country’s super-ministry system transportation administration.