DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1235.2012.00312

Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering 2012/2012:4 PP.312-325

A novel specimen preparation method for TJ-1 lunar soil simulant in hollow cylinder apparatus

Conventional methods for hollow cylinder apparatus (HCA) specimen preparation are not applicable for TJ-1 lunar soil simulant due to its wide particle size distribution. A novel method to prepare uniform TJ-1 specimen for HCA tests is put forward. The method is a combination of the multi-layering dry-rodding method and a new under-compaction criterion in the multi-layer with under-compaction method (UCM). In the novel method, the specimen is prepared with 5 layers by dry-rodding and the UCM is used to determine the height after each layer is compacted. The density uniformity of specimen is evaluated by the freezing method to find out the best under-compaction criterion. Two HCA specimens with the same target density are prepared by the novel method and examined in the tests of pure rotation of the principal stresses. Their conformable mechanical behaviors ascertain the effectiveness of the method to produce uniform and reproducible HCA specimens. Four groups of HCA tests are carried out to investigate the anisotropic and non-coaxial behaviors of TJ-1 lunar soil simulant. The results indicate that the principal stress direction, the deviator stress ratio, the stress level and the coefficient of the intermediate principal stress significantly influence the strength and deformation properties of TJ-1 lunar soil simulant.

Key words:specimen preparation,hollow cylinder apparatus (HCA),TJ-1 lunar soil simulant,multi-layering dry-rodding method,multi-layer with under-compaction method (UCM)

ReleaseDate:2014-07-21 16:38:18

Funds:National Funds for Distinguished Young Scientists (51025932), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51179128), and Program of Shanghai Academic Chief Scientist (11XD1405200)