DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1235.2012.00326

Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering 2012/2012:4 PP.326-332

Design and verification of portable direct shear tester with application to remolded colluvium geomaterials

The mechanical properties of colluvium strongly govern the stability of colluvial slopes, and they are essential for the related analysis and design. Nevertheless, their measurement is not easy on account of heterogeneity in property and difficulty of sampling. This study attempted to evaluate the shear strength of remolded colluvium by means of a simple direct shear test in the field. A portable direct shear tester was designed to overcome the inconvenience and expensiveness of the conventional large-scale in-situ direct shear test. It can be easily assembled and applied for the simple field direct shear test. For calibration, the results of the portable direct shear tester were compared with the results of the laboratory direct shear tester for four different types of soil samples, i.e. standard sand, slate debris, arenaceous shale debris and mixture of gravel and sand. Correlation formulas were established based on the calibration, enabling the portable direct shear tester to measure and estimate the shear strength of remolded colluvium in field. This study primarily focuses on the colluvium in Central Taiwan, including the lateritic Dadu Terrace and the arenaceous shale of Taiping-Wufeng mounts. The portable direct shear tester was applied to sites selected in these areas, and the results were further analyzed and discussed.

Key words:direct shear test,portable direct shear tester,simple field direct shear test,colluvial slope

ReleaseDate:2014-07-21 16:38:18