DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1235.2012.00344

Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering 2012/2012:4 PP.344-351

Hydrophilic and strength-softening characteristics of calcareous shale in deep mines

To better understand the mechanism of the strength weakening process of soft rocks in deep mines after interacting with water, a self-developed experimental system, Intelligent Testing System for Water Absorption in Deep Soft Rocks (ITSWADSR), is employed to analyze the hydrophilic behavior of deep calcareous shale sampled from Daqiang coal mine. Experimental results demonstrate that the relation between water absorption and time can be expressed by power functions, and the soakage rate decreases while the soakage increases with time. In order to quantitatively calculate the weight coefficients of the influential factors for water absorbing capacity of rocks, a series of testing methods are adopted, including scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction and mercury injection test. It is demonstrated that the effective porosity has a positive correlation with the water absorbing capacity of rocks and the contents of illite and illite/smectite. The initial water content presents a negative correlation with the water absorption capacity of rocks. According to the absolute value of weight coefficients of various influential factors, the order of magnitude from high to low is captured: initial water content, illite, illite/smectite formation (S=5%), and the effective porosity. After water absorption tests, uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) tests were performed on rock specimens allowing a linear relationship between the UCS and the water content of rock to be established, indicating that the strength of calcareous shale decreases linearly with the increasing water content.

Key words:calcareous shale,water absorption test,clayey minerals,effective porosity,fractal dimension,strength softening

ReleaseDate:2014-07-21 16:38:19

Funds:Basic Research Program of China (2006CB202200) and the National Major Project of Ministry of Education of China (304005)