DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1142.2013.60590

Plant Science Journal (植物科学学报) 2013/31:6 PP.590-595

Phenolic Chemical Analyses in Leaves and Latex of Triadica sebifera

Triadica sebifera (Euphorbiaceae) is an important economic and ornamental tree species in South China. Here,we analyzed and compared tannins and flavonoids content in both tallow leaves and latex. We found that the content of two tannins and two flavonoids in latex were lower than those in leaves. This indicated that most tannins and flavonoids existed in tallow leaves. We also found that tannins and flavonoids content differed among seven populations,which may be associated with different habitats and herbivores.

Key words:Triadica sebifera,Latex,Tannins,Flavonoids,Resistance

ReleaseDate:2015-04-15 13:22:56

[1] 张建民, 薛大阵, 李冬林.乌桕的经济价值与壮苗培育[J].特种经济动植物, 2010, 10:34-35.

[2] 陈玉, 杨光忠, 张世琏.乌桕化学成分研究进展[J].天然产物研究与开发, 1999, 11(5):114.

[3] 霍光华, 高荫榆, 陈才水.乌柏属植物化学成分研究综述[J].江西林业科技, 2002, 4:37-39.

[4] 霍光华, 高荫榆.乌桕叶主要黄酮类物质的定性定量[J].食品科学, 2004, 25(10):280-283.

[5] 柳润辉, 孔令义.乌桕叶酚性成分研究[J].中国中药杂志, 2005, 30(5):1213-1215.

[6] 霍光华, 高荫榆, 陈明辉.乌桕叶抑菌活性功能成分的研究[J].食品与发酵工业, 2005, 31(3):52-56.

[7] Wang Y, Siemann E, Wheeler G S, Zhu L, Gu X, Ding J. Genetic variation in anti-herbivore chemical defenses in an invasive plant[J].J Ecol, 2012, 4:894-904.

[8] 彭小列, 刘世彪, 张丽, 杨珂.乌桕叶提取物的体外抑菌试验[J].湖南农业科学, 2011, 9:105-107.

[9] Salminen J P, Karonen M.Chemical ecology of tannins and other phenolics:we need a change in approach[J].Funct Ecol, 2011, 25:325-338.

[10] Harborne J, Williams C.Advances in flavonoid research since 1992[J].Phytochemistry, 2000, 55:481-504.

[11] Iwashina T.Flavonoid function and activity to plants and other organisms[J].Biol Sci Space, 2003, 17:24-44.

[12] Konno K.Plant latex and other exudates as plant defense systems:Roles of various defense chemicals and proteins contained therein[J].Phytochemistry, 2011, 72:1510-1530.

[13] Agrawal A A, Konno K.Latex:a model for understanding mechanisms, ecology, and evolution of plant defense against herbivory[J].Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst, 2009, 40:311-331.

[14] Sessa R A, Bennett M H, Lewis M J, Mansfield J W, Beale M H.Metabolite profiling of sesquiterpene lactones from Lactuca species[J].J Biol Chem, 2000, 275:26877-26884.

[15] Konno K, Hirayama C, Nakamura M, Tateishi K, Tamura Y, Hattori M, Kohno K.Papain protects papaya trees from herbivorous insects:role of cysteine proteases in latex[J].Plant J, 2004, 37:370-378.

[16] Konno K, Ono H, Nakamura M, Tateishi K, Hirayama C, Tamura Y, Hattori M, Koyama A, Kohno K.Mulberry latex rich in antidiabetic sugar-mimic alkaloids forces dieting on caterpillars[J].PNAS, 2006, 103:1337-1341.

[17] Huang W, Siemann E, Wheeler S G, Zou J, Carrillo J, Ding J.Resource allocation to defense and growth are driven by different responses to generalist and specialist herbivory in an invasive plant[J].J Ecol, 2010, 98:1157-1167.

[18] 王洪庆, 赵春阳, 陈若芸.乌桕叶化学成分研究[J].中国中药杂志, 2007, 32(12):1179-1181.

[19] MÜller-Schärer H, Schaffner U, Steinger T.Evolution in invasive plants:implications for biological control[J].Trends Ecol Evol, 2004, 19:417-422.