DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1201.2011.01151

South-to-North Water Diversion and Water Science & Technology (南水北调与水利科技) 2011/9:1 PP.151-155

Water Resources and Water Use in India

Based on explaining the situation of water resources in India,this paper analyzes India's water resources exploitation and utilization,discussed its existing issues in terms of water resources and water use,and then compares the water use indices between China and India.The results show that water resources in India mainly distribute in the Brahmaputra River and the Ganges River,and agricultural irrigation is one of the major water users.The main issues for India's water resources and water use are water shortage,water pollution,groundwater overexploitation and water use conflicts in transboundary rivers.India's water resources management is mainly in charge of the irrigation water use and cooperation with the neighboring countries to develop and utilize water resources of international rivers.

Key words:India;water resources;international river;groundwater;water pollution;irrigation

ReleaseDate:2014-07-21 15:59:16

[1] Wikipedia.India[EB/OL].2010-07-27.

[2] 新华网.印度概况[EB/OL].2010-07-27. overview[EB/OL].2010-07-27. Chinese))

[3] CHATTERJEE K.Water Resources of India [EB/OL].2010-07-09.

[4] NAIR K S.Integrated river management in India—challenges in changing environments [EB/OL].2010-07-09.

[5] 江焘,周端庄.布拉马普特拉河——雅鲁藏布江[EB/OL].2005-01-21. CWSNews_View.asp?CWSNewsID=17986.(JIANG Tao,ZHOU Duan-zhuang.Brahmaputra-Yarlung Zangbu River[EB/OL].2005-01-21. Chinese))

[6] National Institute of Hydrology.Water Resources of India [EB/OL].2010-07-13.

[7] GUPTA S K,DESHPANDE R D.Water for India in 2050: First-order Assessment of Available Options [R].Current Science,2004,86(9):1216-1224.

[8] KUMAR R,SINGH R D,SHARMA K D.Water Resources of India [R].Current Science,2005,89(5):794-811.

[9] Grail Research.Water-the India story[R].Cambridge:Grail Research LLC,2009.

[10] Central Electricity Authority.Hydropower Potential in India [EB/OL].2010-07-27.

[11] Asian Development Bank.Water Resources Development in India: Critical Issues and Strategic Options [EB/OL].2010-07-09.

[12] Government of India,Government of Pakistan.Indus Waters Treaty 1960[Z].1960.

[13] Bangladesh and India.Treaty Between the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and the Government of the Republic of India on Sharing of the Ganga/Ganges Waters at Farakka,1996[EB/OL].2010-06-28.,1996.pdf.

[14] 李香云.印度的国家水政策和内河联网计划[J].水利发展研究,2009,9(4):64-68.(LI Xiang-yun.India's National Water Policy and National River-linking Project[J].Water Resources Development Research,2009,9(4):64-68.(in Chinese))

[15] 中华人民共和国水利部.2002年中国水资源公报[R].北京:中华人民共和国水利部,2003.(MWR.China Water Resources Bulletin 2002[R].Beijing:Ministry of Water Resources P.R.China,2003.(in Chinese))

[16] National Water Resources Council.National Water Policy [EB/OL].2002-04-01. belgaum/NWP.html.

[17] 钟玉秀,刘洪先,李培蕾,等.印度解决邦际水事纠纷的相关法律、做法和启示[J].水利发展研究,2005,5(11):53-57.(ZHONG Yu-xiu,LIU Hong-xian LI Pei-lei,et al.India’s Related Law and Practice to Solve Interstate Water Disputes and its Enlightenment[J].Water Resources Development Research,2005,5(11):53-57.(in Chinese))