doi:

DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.05439

Zoological Research (动物学研究) 2012/33:5 PP.439-446

Nested species subsets of amphibians and reptiles in Thousand Island Lake


Abstract:
Habitat fragmentation is a main cause for the loss of biological diversity. Combining line-transect methods to survey the amphibians and reptiles on 23 islands on Thousand Island Lake in Zhejiang province, along with survey data on nearby plant species and habitat variables collected by GIS, we used the “BINMATNEST (binary matrix nestedness temperature calculator)” software and the Spearman rank correlation to examine whether amphibians and reptiles followed nested subsets and their influencing factors. The results showed that amphibians and reptiles were significantly nested, and that the island area and habitat type were significantly associated with their nested ranks. Therefore, to effectively protect amphibians and reptiles in the Thousand Islands Lake area we should pay prior attention to islands with larger areas and more habitat types.

Key words:Habitat fragmentation,Amphibians,Reptiles,Nestedness,Conservation strategies,Thousand Island Lake

ReleaseDate:2014-07-21 16:32:13



Adler GH, Seamon JO. 1991. Distribution and abundance of a tropical Rodent, on islands in Panama [J]. J Trop Ecol, 7(3): 349-360.

Andrén H. 1994. Can one use nested subset pattern to reject the random sample hypothesis? Examples from boreal bird communities [J]. Oikos, 70(3): 489-491.

Baber MJ, Fleishman E, Babbitt KJ, Tarr TL. 2004. The relationship between wetland hydroperiod and nestedness patterns in assemblages of larval amphibians and predatory macroinvertebrates [J]. Oikos, 107: 16-27.

Bird BM, Boecklen WJ. 1998. Nestedness and migratory status of avian assemblages in North America and Europe [J]. Biodivers Conserv, 7(10): 1325-1331.

Blake JG. 1991. Nested subsets and the distribution of birds on isolated woodlots [J]. Oecologia, 5(1): 58-66.

Bolger DT, Alberts AC, Soule ME. 1991. Occurrence patterns of bird species in habitat fragments: sampling, extinction, and nested species subsets [J]. Amer Naturalist, 137(2): 155-166.

Burkey TV. 1995. Extinction rates in archipelagoes: implications for populations in fragmented habitats [J] . Conserv Biol, 9(3): 527-541.

Calmé S, Desrochers A. 1999. Nested bird and micro-habitat assemblages in a peatland archipelago [J]. Oecologia, 118(3): 361-370.

Chen HJ, Li FL. 1990. The effect of human action on community structure in amphibia [J]. Zool Res, 11(3): 199-203. [陈火结, 李芳林. 1990. 人类活动对两栖动物群落结构的影响. 动物学研究, 11(3): 199-203.]

Chen SH, Wang YJ. 2004. Nestedness pattern of insular community assemblages and its application [J]. Chn J Ecol, 23(3): 81-87. [陈水华, 王玉军. 2004. 岛屿群落组成的嵌套格局及其应用. 生态学杂志, 23(3): 81-87.]

Conroy CJ, Demboski JR, Cook JA. 1999. Mammalian biogeography of the Alexander Archipelago of Alaska: a north temperate nested fauna [J]. J Biogeogr, 26(2): 343-352.

Cook RR, Quinn JF. 1995. The influence of colonization in nested species subsets [J]. Oecologia, 102(4): 413-424.

Cutler A. 1991. Nested faunas and extinction in fragmented habitats [J]. Conserv Biol, 5(4): 496-505.

Cutler AH. 1994. Nested biotas and biological conservation: metrics, mechanisms and meaning of nestedness [J]. Landscape Urban Plan, 28(1): 73-82.

Darlington PJ. 1957. Zoography: the Geographical Distribution of Animals [M]. New York: John Wiley.

Dobson AP, Pacala SW. 1992. The parasites of Anolis lizards the northern Lesser Antilles II. The structure of the parasite community [J]. Oecologia, 91(1): 118-125.

Fernandez-Juricic E. 2004. Spatial and temporal analysis of the distribution of forest specialists in an urban-fragmented landscape (Madrid, Spain): implications for local and regional bird conservation [J]. Landscape Urban Plan, 69(1): 17-32.

Ficetola GF, Bernardi FD. 2004. Amphibians in a human-dominated landscape: the community structure is related to habitat features and isolation [J]. Biol Conserv, 119(2): 219-230.

Fleishman E, Betrus CJ, Blair RB, Nally RM, Murphy DD. 2002. Nestedness analysis and conservation planning: the importance of place, environment, and life history across taxonomic groups [J]. Oecologia, 133(1): 78-89.

Granado-Lorencio C, Cerviá J, Lima C. 2007. Floodplain lake fish assemblages in the Amazon River: directions in conservation biology [J]. Biodivers Conserv, 16(3): 679-692.

Greve M, Gremmen NM, Gaston KJ, Chown SL. 2005. Nestedness of Southern Ocean Island biotas: ecological perspectives on a biogeographical conundrum [J]. J Biogeogr, 32(1): 155-168.

Halliday T, Adler K. 2002. The New Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians [M]. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hecnar SJ, Casper GS, Russell RW, Hecnar DR, Robinson JN. 2002. Nested species assemblages of amphibians and reptiles on islands in the Laurentian Great Lakes [J]. J Biogeogr, 29(4): 475-489.

Higgins CL, Willig MR, Strauss RE. 2006. The role of stochastic processes in producing nested patterns of species distribution [J]. Oikos, 114(1): 159-167.

Honnay O, Henry M, Choppin P. 1999. Nested plant communities in deciduous forest fragments: species relaxation or nested habitats [J]. Oikos, 84(1): 119-129.

Jaeger RG. 1994. Transect Sampling. Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians [M]. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Laurance WF, Lovejoy TE, Vasconcelos HL, Bruna E M, Didham R K, Stouffer PC, Gascon C, Bierregaard RO, Laurance SG, Sampaio E. 2002. Ecosystem decay of Amazonian forest fragments: a 22-year investigation [J]. Convers Biol, 16(3): 605-618.

Li YM, Niemelä J, Li DM. 1998. Nested distribution of amphibians in the Zhoushan archipelago, China: can selective extinction cause nested subsets of species? [J]. Oecologia, 113(4): 557-564.

Lomolino MV. 1996. Investigating causality of nestedness of insular communities: selective migrations or extinctions [J]? J Biogeogr, 23(5): 699-703.

Loo SE, Mac Nally R, Quinn GP. 2002. An experimental examination of colonization as a generator of biotic nestedness [J]. Oecologia, 132(1): 118-124.

McGarigal K, Cushman SA. 2002. Comparative evaluation of experimental approaches to the study of habitat fragmentation effects [J]. Ecol Appl, 12(2): 335-345.

Mac Nally R, Brown GW. 2001. Reptiles and habitat fragmentation in the box-ironbark forests of central Victoria, Australia: predictions, compositional change and faunal nestedness [J]. Oecologia, 128(1): 116-125.

Mac Nally R, Horrocks G, Bennett AF. 2002. Nestedness in fragmented landscapes: birds of the box-ironbark forests of south-eastern Australia [J]. Ecography, 25(6): 651-660.

Meyer CFJ, Kalko EKV. 2008. Bat assemblages on Neotropical land-bridge islands: nested subsets and null model analyses of species co-occurrence patterns [J]. Divers Distrib, 14(4): 644-654

Moore JE, Swihart RK. 2007. Toward ecologically explicit null models of nestedness [J]. Oecologia, 152(4): 763-777.

Nielsen A, Bascompte J. 2007. Ecological networks, nestedness and sampling effort [J]. J Ecol, 95(5): 1134-1141.

Pan XF, Zhou W, Zhou YW, Jiang GS. 2002. A summary of studies on amphibian population ecology in China [J]. Zool Res, 23(5): 426-436. [潘晓赋, 周伟, 周用武, 江桂盛. 2002. 中国两栖类种群生态研究概述. 动物学研究, 23(5): 426-436.]

Patterson BD, Atmar W. 1986. Nested subsets and the structure of insular mammalian faunas and archipelagos [J]. Biol J Linn Soc, 28(1-2): 65-82.

Rodriguez-Girones MA, Santamaria L. 2006. A new algorithm to calculate the nestedness temperature of presence-absence matrices [J]. J Biogeogr, 33(5): 924-935.

Schoener TW, Schoener A. 1983. Distribution of vertebrates on some very small islands. I. Occurrence sequences of individual species [J]. J Anim Ecol, 52(1): 209-235.

Schouten MA, Verweij PA, Barendregt A, Kleukers RJM, de Ruiter PC. 2007. Nested assemblages of Orthoptera species in the Netherlands: the importance of habitat features and life-history traits [J]. J Biogeogr, 34(11): 1938-1946.

Simberloff D, Martin JL. 1991. Nestedness of insular avifaunas: simple summary statistics masking complex species patterns [J]. Ornis Fennica, 68: 178-192.

Stuart SN, Chanson JS, Cox NA, Young BE, Rodrigues ASL, Fischman DL, Waller RW. 2004. Status and trends of amphibians declines and extinctions worldwide [J]. Science, 306(5702): 1783-1786.

Vitousek P, Mooney HA, Lubchenco J, Melillo JM. 1997. Human domination of Earth’s ecosystems [J]. Science, 277(5325): 494-499.

Watling JI, Gerow K, Donnelly MA. 2009. Nested species subsets of amphibians and reptiles on Neotropical forest islands [J]. Anim Conserv, 12(5): 467-476.

Wang YP, Zhang J, Feeley KJ, Jiang PP, Ding P. 2009. Life-history traits associated with fragmentation vulnerability of lizards in the Thousand Island Lake, China [J]. Anim Conserv, 12(4): 329-337.

Wang YP, Bao YX, Yu MJ, Xu GF, Ding P. 2010. Nestedness for different reasons: the distributions of birds, lizards and small mammals on islands of an Inundated Lake [J]. . Divers Distrib, 16(5): 862-873.

Wang YP, Chen, SH Ding P. 2011. Testing multiple assembly rule models in avian communities on islands of an inundated lake, Zhejiang Province, China [J]. J Biogeogr, 38(7): 1330-1344.

Whitfield SM, Bell KE, Philippi T, Sasa M, Bolaños F, Chaves G, Savage JM, Donnelly MA. 2007. Amphibian and reptile declines over 35 years at La Selva, Costa Rica [J]. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 104(20): 8352-8356.

Worthen WB. 1996. Community composition and nested subset analyses: basic descriptors for community ecology [J]. Oikos, 76(3): 417-426.

Wright DH, Patterson BD, Mikkelson GM, Cutler A, Atmar W. 1998. A comparative analysis of nested subset patterns of species composition [J]. Oecologia, 113(1): 1-20.

Zhang JC, Wang YP, Jiang PP, Li P, Yu MJ, Ding P. 2008. Nested analysis of passeriform bird assemblages in the Thousand Island Lake region [J]. Biodiver Sci, 16(4): 321-331. [张竞成, 王彦平, 蒋萍萍, 李鹏, 于明坚, 丁平. 2008.千岛湖雀形目鸟类群落嵌套结构分析. 生物多样性, 16(4): 321-331.]

Zhang SY, Ding BY. 1986. Flora of Zhejiang [M]. Hangzhou: Zhejiang Science and Technology Press. [章绍尧, 丁炳扬. 1986. 杭州: 浙江植物志. 浙江科学与技术出版社.]

Zheng CZ. 2005. Keys of Seed Plants in Zhejiang [M]. Hangzhou: Zhejiang Science and Technology Press. [郑朝宗. 2005. 浙江种子植物检索鉴定手册. 杭州: 浙江科学与技术出版社.]

PDF