doi:

DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2009.04438

Zoological Research (动物学研究) 2009/30:4 PP.438-444

A New Species of the Genus Garra from Nujiang River Basin, Yunnan, China (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)


Abstract:
A new species of the subfamily Labeoninae, Garra nujiangensis Chen and Yang, sp. nov. is recognized from a secondary branch of Nujiang River (upper Salween) in Zhenkang county, Yunnan province, China. It can be distinguished from other beardless Garra species by the following combination of characters: 12 - 14 circumpeduncle scales; 48 - 50 lateral- line scales; a pair of rudimentary rostral barbels present in little individuals; 8 - 9 branched dorsal-fin rays; 5 - 6 scales between dorsal-fin origin and lateral line and 3 - 4 scales between pelvic-fin origin and lateral line; caudal peduncle relatively stouter; length between snout tip to posterior margin of eye longer than body depth at anal fin origin; head length longer than body depth at dorsal fin origin; prepelvic length 50.0% - 53.7% of standard length; pre-anus length 58.9% - 63.9% of standard length; body width 16.7% - 19.6% of standard length; body depth at dorsal fin 19.2% - 22.6% of standard length. The present study also verified that the presence of tiny barbells is a juvenile character in some beardless Garra species, such as G. nujiangensis and G. alticorpora.

Key words:Garra,Cyprinid,New species,Yunnan

ReleaseDate:2014-07-21 15:06:15



Chen YR. Labeoninae [A]. In: Chen YY (eds.). The Fishes of the Hengduan Mountain Region[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1998 168-183.

Chu XL, Cui GH. Taxonomic revision of Chinese cyprinid fishes of the genus Garra Hamilton [J].Acta Zootax Sin, 1987 12: 93-100. [In Chinese]

Chu XL, Cui GH. Labeoninae [A]. In: Chu XL, Chen YR (eds). The Fishes of Yunnan, China, Part I[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1989 229-285.

Getahun A. 1999. Systematic studies of the African species of the genus Garra (Pisces: Cyprinidae) [D]. Ph D thesis. New York: The American Museum of Natural History.

Gopi KC.Garra periyarensis, a new cyprinid fish from Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala, India [J].J Bombay Nat Hist Soc, 2001 98: 80-83.

Hora SL. Indian cyprinoid fishes belonging to the genus Garra, with notes on related species from other countries [J]. Rec Indian Mus, 1921 22: 633-687.

Kosygin L, Vishwanath W. A new cyprinid fish Garra compressus from Manipur, India [J].J Freshwat Biol, 1998 10: 45-48.

Kottelat M. Fishes of the Nam Theun and Xe Bangfai basins, Laos, with diagnoses of twenty-two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae, Baltoridae, Cobitidae, Coiidae and Odontobutidae) [J].Ichthyol Explor Freshw, 1998 9: 1-128.

Kottelat M. Diagnoses of a new genus and 64 new species of fishes form Laos (Teleostei: Cyprinidae, Balitoridae, Bagridae, Syngnathidae, Chauhuriidae and Tetraodontidae) [J].J South Asian Nat Hist, 2000 5: 37-82.

Kottelat M. 2001a. Freshwater Fishes of Northern Vietnam [M]. Washington: World Bank.

Kottelat M. 2001b. Fishes of Laos [M]. Colombo: Wildlife Heritage Trust Publications.

Kullander SO, Fang F. Seven new species of Garra (Cyprinidae: Cyprininae) from the Rakhine Yoma, southern Myanmar [J].Ichthyol Explor Freshw, 2004 15: 257-278.

Menon AGK. Monograph of the cyprinid fishes of the genus Garra Hamilton [J].Memoir Indian Mus, 1964 14: 173-260.

Norman JR. Two new fishes from Tonkin, with notes on the siluroid genera Glyptosternum, Exostoma, etc [J].Ann Mag Nat Hist,: Ser 1925 9, 15: 570-575.

Rainboth W J. 1996 Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong [M]. Rome: FAO.

Talwar PK, Jhinggran AG. 1991. Inland Fishes of India and Adjacent Countries, Volume 1 [M]. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.

Vishwanath W, Sarojnalini C. A new cyprinid fish Garra manipurensis, from Manipur, India [J].Jpn J Ichthyol, 1988 35(2): 24-126.

Vishwanath W. On a collection of fishes of the genus Garra Hamilton from Manipur, India, with description of a new species [J].J freshwat Biol, 1993 5: 59-68.

Wu HW, Lin RD, Chen JX, Chen XL, He MJ. 1977. Barbinae [A]. In: Wu HW (eds). The Cyprinid Fishes of China, Part II[M]. Shanghai: Shanghai People's Press.

Zhang E, Chen YY.Garra tengchongensis, a new cyprinid species from the upper Irrawaddy River basin in Yunnan, China (Pisces: Teleostei) [J].Raff Bull Zool, 2002 50 (2): 459-464.

Zhang E. Phylogenetic relationships of Labeonine cyprinids of the disc-bearing group (Pisces: Teleostei) [J].Zool Stud, 2005 44 (1): 130-143.

Zhang E, Yue PQ, Chen JX. 2000. Labeoninae [A]. In: Yue PQ (eds).Fauna Sinica (Osteichthyes: Cypriniformes III)[M]. Beijing: Science Press.

Zhu SQ. 1995. Synopsis of Freshwater Fishes of China [M]. Nanjing: Jiangsu Science and Technology Press.

PDF