DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2012.31148

Biodiversity Science (生物多样性) 2012/20:5 PP.581-611

Progress of biological invasions research in China over the last decade

As one of the five major global environmental problems, invasive species have posed serious threats to native ecosystems, public health, and regional economies. Although much progress has been made in the field of biological invasions research in China over the last decade, there are still large knowledge gaps. This paper reviews progress in the field of biological invasions research since 2000 as it relates to China, covering the diversity, colonization and immigration patterns of invasive species, mechanisms and ecological effects of biological invasions, and management and control of invasive species. In China, 529 invasive alien species have been identified, which originated primarily from South and North America, and the major taxa included terrestrial plants, terrestrial invertebrates, and microorganisms. We found a higher prevalence of invasive species in the eastern and southern provinces, compared to the western and northern provinces in China. This pattern is likely due to the differences in the level of economic development and environmental suitability between the two regions. Moreover, with further economic development, China may face more serious biological invasions in the future. These invasions of alien species are largely the combined results of the interactions between the intrinsic traits of these species along with resource opportunities and disturbances by human beings. Many mechanisms are responsible for successful invasions of alien species, but phenotypic plasticity, adaptive evolution, enemy release, interspecific mutualism or commensalism, and new allelochemicals may be primary causative factors. Biological invasions in China have caused serious impacts on native ecosystems, including biodiversity and ecosystem services, alteration of biogeochemical cycles, threats to agricultural and forestry production, traffic and shipping, environmental safety, and public facilities. China has also made progress in the detection and monitoring of invasive species, risk analysis, biological control, radical elimination, and ecological restoration of degraded ecosystems. We suggest several issues that need to be addressed in invasive species research in the future, including territory-wide inventories, evolutionary ecology and genomics, direct and indirect ecosystem-level consequences, interactions between major components of global change and biological invasions, and management and control technologies.

Key words:biological invasions, China, control and management, diversity,ecological effects, invasion mechanisms

ReleaseDate:2014-07-21 16:28:27

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Xiang JC (相君成), Lei ZR (雷仲仁), Wang HH (王海鸿), Gao YL (高玉林) (2012) Interspecific competition among three invasive Liriomyza species. Acta Ecologica Sinica (生态学报), 32, 1616-1622. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Xiao DR (肖德荣), Zhang LQ (张利权), Zhu ZC (祝振昌), Tian K (田昆) (2011) Response of seed production and viability of Spartina alterniflora to cutting at Shanghai Chongming Dongtan, China. Ecology and Environmental Sciences (生态环境学报), 20, 1681-1686. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Xie BY, Chen XY, Shi J, Zhang QW, Dai SM, Cheng FX, Luo YQ (2009) Mechanisms of invasive population establish- ment and spread of pinewood nematodes in China. Science in China: Series C, Life Sciences, 52, 587-594.

Xu CW, Yang MZ, Chen YJ, Chen LM, Zhang DZ, Mei L, Shi YT, Zhang HB (2012) Changes in non-symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria inhabiting rhizosphere soils of an invasive plant Ageratina adenophora. Applied Soil Ecology, 54, 32-38.

Xu HG (徐海根), Qiang S (强胜), Han ZM (韩正敏), Guo JY (郭建英), Huang ZG (黄宗国), Sun HY (孙红英), He SP (何舜平), Ding H (丁晖), Wu HR (吴海荣), Wan FH (万方浩) (2004) The distribution and introduction pathway of alien invasive species in China. Biodiversity Science (生物多样性), 12, 626-638. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Xu HG (徐海根), Qiang S (强胜) (2011) China’s Invasive Alien Species (中国外来入侵生物). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)

Xu HG, Ding H, Li MY, Qiang S, Guo JY, Han ZM, Huang ZG, Sun HY, He SP, Wu HR, Wan FH (2006) The distribution and economic losses of alien species invasion in China. Biological Invasions, 8, 1495-1500.

Xu J (徐婧), Jiang HX (姜红霞), A LY(阿丽亚), Guo JM (郭静敏), Zhang RZ (张润志) (2012a) Growth and patterns of population decline in Cydia pomonella adults in Gansu, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia. Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology (应用昆虫学报), 49, 89-95. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Xu J (徐婧), Du L (杜磊), Qin TJ (秦天军), Zhang JC (张建超), Zhang RZ (张润志) (2012b) Dynamic distribution of Cydia pomonella adults in apple orchards. Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology (应用昆虫学报), 49, 80-88. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Yang B (杨博), Yangjin Z (央金卓嘎), Pan XY (潘晓云), Xu HG (徐海根), Li B (李博) (2010) Alien terrestrial herbs in China: diversity and ecological insights. Biodiversity Science (生物多样性), 18, 660-666. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Yang CC, Ascunce MS, Luo LZ, Shao JG, Shih CJ, Shoemaker D (2012) Propagule pressure and colony social organization are associated with the successful invasion and rapid range expansion of fire ants in China. Molecular Ecology, 21, 817-833.

Yang FH (杨凤辉), Ma T (马涛), Chen JK (陈家宽), Li B (李博) (2002) Eichhornia crassipes disaster in Huangpu River in Shanghai: cause, consequences and control strategies. Journal of Fudan University (复旦学报), 41, 599-603. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Yang GQ, Wan FH, Liu WX, Zhang XW (2006) Physiological effects of allelochemicals from leachates of Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) on rice seedlings. Allelopathy Journal, 18, 237-246.

Yang GQ, Wan FH, Liu WX, Guo JY (2008) Influence of two allelochemicals from Ageratina adenophora Sprengel on ABA, IAA and ZR contents in roots of upland rice seedlings. Allelopathy Journal, 21, 253-262.

Yang GQ, Wan FH, Guo JY, Liu WX (2011) Cellular and ultrastructural changes in the seedling roots of upland rice (Oryza sativa) under the stress of two allelochemicals from Ageratina adenophora. Weed Biology and Management, 11, 152-159.

Yang JQ (杨建强), Zhao X (赵骁), Yan YG (严勇敢), Zhang YL (张雅林), Feng JN (冯纪年) (2011) Efficacy of seven kinds of pesticides for controlling codling moth Cydia pomonella. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-occidentalis Sinica (西北农业学报), 20, 194-196. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Yang ZQ (杨忠岐), Zhang YA (张永安) (2007) Researches on techniques for biocontrol of the fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea, a severe invasive insect pest to China. Chinese Bulletin of Entomology (昆虫知识), 44, 465-471. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Yuan L, Wang S, Zhou J, Du Y, Zhang Y, Wang J (2012) Status of insecticide resistance and associated mutations in Q-biotype of whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, from eastern China. Crop Protection, 31, 67-71.

Yu DZ (喻大昭), Wei SH (魏守辉), Zhu WD (朱文达), Cao AC (曹坳程), Zhang CX (张朝贤), Song ZX (宋兆辛) (2008) Influence of Alternanthera philoxeroides on the growth of paddy rice and its economic threshold. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica (植物保护学报), 35, 69-73. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Yu LQ (余柳青), Fujii Y, Zhou YJ (周勇军), Zhang JP (张建萍), Lu YL (陆永良), Xuan SN (玄松南) (2007a) Comparison of allelopathy potential between an exotic invasive weed Alternanthera philoxeroides and a local weed A. sessilis. Chinese Journal of Rice Science (中国水稻科学), 21, 84-89. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Yu LQ (余柳青), Fujii Y, Zhou YJ (周勇军), Zhang JP (张建萍), Lu YL (陆永良), Xuan SN (玄松南) (2007b) Response of aquatic Alternanthera philoxeroides to environmental factors and its competition with rice. Chinese Journal of Rice Science (中国水稻科学), 21, 209-214. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Yu H, Wan FH, Guo JY (2012a) cDNA cloning of heat shock protein genes and their expression in an indigenous cryptic species of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci complex from China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 11, 293-302.

Yu H, Wan FH, Guo JY (2012b) Different thermal tolerance and hsp gene expression in invasive and indigenous sibling species of Bemisia tabaci. Biological Invasions, 14, 1587- 1595.

Yu X, Yu D, Lu Z, Ma K (2005) A new mechanism of invader sucesss: extotic plant inhibits natural vegetation restoration by change soil microbe community. Chinese Science Bulletin, 50, 1105-1112.

Zeng L (曾玲), Lu YY (陆永跃), He XF (何晓芳), Zhang WQ (张维球), Liang GW (梁广文) (2005a) Identification of red imported fire ant Solenopsis invicta to invade mainland China and infestation in Wuchuan, Guangdong. Chinese Bulletin of Entomology (昆虫知识), 42, 144-148. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zeng L (曾玲), Lu YY (陆永跃), Chen ZN (陈忠男) (2005b) Monitoring and Control of Solenopsis invicta (红火蚁监测与防治). Guangdong Science and Technology Press, Guangzhou. (in Chinese)

Zhang FJ (张风娟), Guo JY (郭建英), Long R (龙茹), Wan FH (万方浩) (2010) Allelopathy of different treated residues of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. on wheat growth. Chinese Journal of Ecology (生态学杂志), 29, 669-673. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhang GL (张国良), Fu WD (付卫东), Liu K (刘坤) (2008) Alien Invasive Species in Agriculture (农业重大外来入侵生物). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)

Zhang K (张锴), Liang J (梁军), Yan DH (严冬辉), Zhang XY (张星耀) (2010) Research advances of pine wood nematode disease in China. World Forestry Research (世界林业研究), 23, 59-63. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhang R, Li Y, Liu N, Porter SD (2007) An overview of the red imported fire ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in mainland China. Florida Entomologist, 90, 723-731.

Zhang RZ (张润志), Liu N (刘宁), Li YC (李颖超) (2010) Colorado potato beetle, an disastrous invasive species in China infesting Solanaceae vegetables. Chinese Bulletin of Life Science (生命科学), 22, 1118-1121. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhang RZ (张润志), Wang FX (王福祥), Zhang YL (张雅林), Chen HJ (陈汉杰), Luo JC (罗进仓), Wang QY (王勤英), Liu WX (刘万学), Ainiwaer·M (艾尼瓦尔·木沙), Pu CJ (蒲崇建), Yan YG (严勇敢), Guo JM (郭静敏), Liu XY (刘星月), Chen JG (陈继光), Zhang ZF (张增幅), Yang S (杨森), Xu JJ (许建军), Cui GZ (崔艮中), Xu J (徐婧) (2012) Progress on monitoring and control of the codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.). Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology (应用昆虫学报), 49, 37-42. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhang SS, Jin YL, Tang JJ, Chen X (2009) The invasive plant Solidago canadensis L, suppresses local soil pathogens through allelopathy. Applied Soil Ecology, 41, 215-222.

Zhang XD (张骁栋) (2012) The Effects of Smooth Cordgrass and Crab Bioturbation on Plant Interspecific Relationship and Biogeochemistry in a Salt Marsh in the Yangtze Estuary (互花米草与蟹类扰动对崇明东滩植物种间关系及生地化循环的影响). PhD dissertation, Fudan University, Shang- hai. (in Chinese)

Zhang XW (张学文), Liu WX (刘万学), Wan FH (万方浩), Liu YX (刘亦学), Yang GQ (杨国庆), Zhang W (张惟), Yang XR (杨秀荣) (2007b) Allelopathy of aqueous leachates of Ageratina adenophora and the indentification of the allelichemicals. Journal of Agricultural University of Hebei (河北农业大学学报), 30, 68-71, 76. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhang XW (张学文), Liu YX (刘亦学), Liu WX (刘万学), Wan FH (万方浩), Zhang W (张惟), Yang XR (杨秀荣) (2007a) Allelochemicals and its releasing modes. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin (中国农学通报), 23, 295-297. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhang YH (张玉虎), Liu MF (刘梅芳), Ling TJ (凌铁军), Wei XY (魏孝义) (2004) Allelopathic sesquiterpene lactones from Wedelia trilobata. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany (热带亚热带植物学报), 12, 533-537. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhang YJ (张友军), Zhu GR (朱国仁), Chu D (褚栋), Wu QJ (吴青君), Wang SL (王少丽) (2011) Occurrence, damage and control of important invasive insect pests on the vegetable crops in China. Plant Protection (植物保护), 37, 1-6. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhao BG, Wang HL, Han SF, Han ZM (2003) Distribution and pathogenicity of bacteria species carried by Bursaphel- enchus xylophilus in China. Nematology, 5, 899-906.

Zhao GQ (赵广琦), Zhang LQ (张利权), Liang X (梁霞) (2005) A comparison Spartina alterniflora and an indigen- ous plant Phragmites australis. Acta Ecologica Sinica (生态学报), 25, 1604-1611. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhao L (赵林), Li BP (李保平), Meng L (孟玲) (2008) Effects of fertilization and grass-cutting on competition between Lolium perenne and the invasive exotic Eupatorium adenophorum at seedling stage. Acta Prataculturae Sinica (草业学报), 17, 151-155. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhao YJ, Qing H, Zhao CJ, Zhou CF, Zhang WG, Xiao Y, An SQ (2010) Phenotypic plasticity of Spartina alterniflora and Phragmites australis in response to nitrogen addition and intraspecific competition. Hydrobiologia, 637, 143-155.

Zhao YX, Kang L (2000) Cold tolerance of the leaf miner Liriomyza sativae (Dipt., Agromyzidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 124, 185-189.

Zheng CH (郑春寒), Liu Q (刘强), Li J (李坚), Dong K (董昆), Feng JN (冯纪年), Zhang YL (张雅林), Wang D (王敦) (2011) Virulence determination for Cydia pomonella Granulovirus Zhangye Strain (CypoGV-zy). Journal of Northwest Forestry University (西北林学院学报), 26, 121-123. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhou CF, An SQ, Deng ZF, Yin DQ, Zhi YB, Sun ZY, Zhao H, Zhou LX, Fang C, Qian C (2009) Sulfur storage changed by exotic Spartina alterniflora in coastal saltmarshes of China. Ecological Engineering, 35, 536-543.

Zhou ZS, Guo JY, Chen HS, Wan FH (2010a) Effects of temperature on survival, development, longevity, and fecundity of Ophraella communa (Coleoptera: Chrysom- elidae), a potential biological control agent against Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Asterales: Asteraceae). Environmental Ento- mology, 39, 1021-1027.

Zhou ZS, Guo JY, Chen HS, Wan FH (2010b) Effect of humidity on the development and fecundity of Ophraella communa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). BioControl, 55, 313-319.

Zhou ZS, Guo JY, Zheng XW, Luo M, Chen HS, Wan FH (2011) Reevaluation of biosecurity of Ophraella communa against sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Biocontrol Science and Technology, 21, 1147-1160.

Zhou ZS (周忠实), Guo JY (郭建英), Li BP (李保平), Meng L (孟玲), Fu JW (傅建炜), Chen HS (陈红松), Ma MY (马明勇), Shi MZ (史梦竹), Li M (李敏), Guo W (郭薇), Luo M (罗敏), Zheng XW (郑兴汶), Zheng HY (郑海燕), Luo YH (罗源华), Wan FH (万方浩) (2011a) Distribution of Ambrosia artemisiifolia and Alternanthera philoxcroides and their regional sustainable management strategies. Journal of Biosafety (生物安全学报), 20, 263-266. (in Chinese)

Zhou ZS (周忠实), Chen HS (陈红松), Zheng XW (郑兴汶), Guo JY (郭建英), Wan FH (万方浩) (2011b) Combined control of common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia with Ophraella communa and Epiblema strenuana in Laibin, Guangxi Province, China. Journal of Biosafety (生物安全学报), 20, 267-269. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhou ZS (周忠实), Chen HS (陈红松), Guo JY (郭建英), Guo W (郭薇), Luo YH (罗源华), Zheng XW (郑兴汶), Luo M (罗敏), Zheng HY (郑海燕), Wan FH (万方浩) (2011c) A field trial of biological control of Ambrosia artemisiifolia with two herbivorous insects in Miluo, Hunan Province, China. Journal of Biosafety (生物安全学报), 20, 186-191. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhou ZS, Guo JY, Guo W, Zheng HY, Wan FH (2012a) Effects of morphological traits, age and copulation experience on sexual selection in Ophraella communa. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 22, 81-91.

Zhou ZS, Guo JY, Michaud JP, Li M, Wan FH (2012b) Variation in cold hardiness among geographic populations of the ragweed beetle, Ophraella communa LeSage (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a biological control agent of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. (Asterales: Asteraceae), in China. Biological Invasions, 13, 659-667.

Zhu DH, Zhu J, Peng ZP, Wan FH (2012) Effects of photoperiod and temperature on reproductive diapause in Ophraella communa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a potential biocontrol agent against Ambrosia artemisiifolia. Insect Science, 19, 286-294.

Zhu HW (朱宏伟), Meng L (孟玲), Li BP (李保平) (2007) Relative competitive ability of loum perenne and the alien invasive weed, Eupatorium adenophorum (Compositae) at seedling stage. Chinese Journal of Applied and Environ- mental Biology (应用与环境生物学报), 13, 29-32. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhu P, Tang XQ, Xu HG (2005) Model study on loss assessment of invasion species. World Journal Modelling Simulation, 1, 19-26.

Zhu HY (朱虹昱), Liu W (刘伟), Cui GZ (崔艮中), Zhang ZF (张增福), Zhang RZ (张润志) (2012a) Field trials using domestic sex pheromone dispensers to disrupt Cydia pomonella mating behavior. Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology (应用昆虫学报), 49, 121-129. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhu HY (朱虹昱), Du L (杜磊), Xu J (徐婧), Liu W (刘伟), Zhang RZ (张润志) (2012b) Effective duration of sex pheromone in Delta traps for monitoring the codling moth. Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology (应用昆虫学报), 49, 114-120. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Zhu L, Sun O, Sang W, Li Z, Ma K (2007) Predicting the spatial distribution of an invasive plant species (Eupatorium adenophorum) in China. Landscape Ecology, 22, 1143- 1154.

Zhu X, Zhang J, Ma K (2011) Soil biota reduce allelopathic effects of the invasive Eupatorium adenophorum. PLoS ONE, 6, e25393.

Zhuang YQ (庄义庆) (2009) Exploratory Development of Pathogenic Fungi-Fusarium Stoveri Against Alligator Weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides) (蕉斑镰刀菌在水花生生物防治上的应用研究). PhD dissertation, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing. (in Chinese)

Zuo P (左平), Liu CA (刘长安), Zhao SH (赵书河), Wang CH (王春红), Liang YB (梁玉波) (2009) Distribution of Spartina plantations along the China’s coast. Acta Oceanologica Sinica (海洋学报), 31, 101-111. (in Chinese with English abstract)