DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14198

Biodiversity Science (生物多样性) 2014/22:6 PP.733-736

Using camera trap to monitor a North Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonesis) population and their main ungulate prey

North Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonesis) is an endemic subspecies of the leopard in China. The basic ecological data of the leopard, such as the distribution, population and it’s dynamic, behavior, prey, is least known for lacking of a long-term study. The present paper reported a 7-year monitoring and survey on North Chinese leopard and it’s prey in Qingcheng Forest Farm of Jinzhong prefecture, Shanxi using camera traps. The monitoring recorded 14 individuals of leopard, with 11 adults (3 females and 8 males) and 3 cubs between May of 2007 and April of 2014. A residential female leopard bred 3 cubs in 2008 and 2009. The main prey of ungulates is wild boar (Sus scrofa) and roe deer (Capreolus pygargus). The relative abundance index (RAI) of wild boar and roe deer were 4.16 and 1.35 individuals/km2, and absolute density were 3.48 and 3.61 individuals/km2 , respectively.

Key words:Panthera pardus japonesis,camera trap,population,conservation

ReleaseDate:2015-03-10 09:14:42

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