DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.13163

Biodiversity Science (生物多样性) 2014/22:2 PP.182-188

A prediction of the global habitat of two invasive fishes (Pseudorasbora parva and Carassius auratus) from East Asia using Maxent

The topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva) and goldfish (Carassius auratus),two small omnivorous freshwater fishes,have been introduced into many countries by human activities during recent years.Wide and severe ecological harm has resulted from the pathogens that these fishes carried and from the extremely large populations of these fishes.Based on data from a large number of distribution points systematically identified by our long-term sampling survey and from the FishBase,and on high-resolution environmental data,we used Maxent to obtain the first prediction of the potential global distribution of the two fishes.The results of the study suggest that the topmouth gudgeon and goldfish have an extremely wide potential range in the world and that this is especially the case for the goldfish.In fact,all continents except Antarctica include many potential habitats for the two fishes.Accordingly,these two fishes may spread more widely and create more serious danger to the aquatic ecosystem in the future as human activities continue to expand.Especially,the Mississippi valley in the middle part,and the eastern and southern coasts of the United States of America,region from Seattle to Vancouver of Canada will be the areas of the topmouth gudgeon with highly potential invasive risk.And those areas for goldfish will be the countries of Argentina and Brazil in South America,Guinea and Cameroon in West Africa.Our results also suggest that the use of Maxent with comprehensive distribution data and high resolution environmental data represents a new and valid method for obtaining early warnings serving to prevent the danger of biological invasion.

Key words:Carassius auratus,Pseudorasbora parva,potential distribution area,ecological risk,Maxent,biological invasion

ReleaseDate:2015-03-10 13:13:13

Austin MP (2002) Spatial prediction of species distribution:an interface between ecological theory and statistical modelling.Ecological Modelling,157,101-118.

B?n?rescu P (2002) The Freshwater Fishes of Europe.Cyprinidae 2,Part Ⅲ:Carassius to Cyprinus.AULA,Wiebelsheim.

Berg LS (1949) Freshwater fishes of the USSR and adjacent countries.Guide to the Fauna of USSR,27,927-1382.

Britton JR,Davies GD,Brazier M (2009) Eradication of the invasive Pseudorasbora parva results in increased growth and production of native fishes.Ecology of Freshwater Fish,18,8-14.

Britton JR,Davies GD,Brazier M (2010a) Towards the successful control of the invasive Pseudorasbora parva in the UK.Biological Invasions,12,125-131.

Britton JR,Davies GD,Harrod C (2010b) Trophic interactions and consequent impacts of the invasive fish Pseudorasbora parva in a native aquatic foodweb:a field investigation in the UK.Biological Invasions,12,1533-1542.

Chen F (陈锋),Chen YF (陈毅峰) (2010) Investigation and protection strategies of fishes of Lhasa River.Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica (水生生物学报),34,278-285.(in Chinese with English abstract).

Chen PX (陈佩薰) (1959) Fish biological research of Carassius auratus in Liangzi Lake.Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica (水生生物学集刊),(4),411-419.(in Chinese).

Chen XY (陈小勇) (2013) Checklist of fishes of Yunnan.Zoological Research (动物学研究),34,281-343.(in Chinese with English abstract).

Chen YY,Cui YB (1993) Some aspects of biological diversity in freshwater ecosystems.Chinese Biodiversity,1(Suppl.),46-49.

Chen YY (陈宜瑜) (1998) Fauna Sinica · Osteichthyes ·Cypriniformes II (中国动物志?硬骨鱼纲?鲤形目 (中卷)).Science Press,Beijing.(in Chinese).

Cheng L (程磊),Chang YM (常玉梅),Lu CY (鲁翠云),Cao DC (曹顶臣),Sun XW (孙效文) (2012) DNA barcoding and species and subspecies classification within genus Carassius.Zoological Research (动物学研究),33,463-472.(in Chinese with English abstract).

Chu XL (禇新洛),Chen YR (陈银瑞) (1989) Fishes of Yunnan (云南鱼类志).Science Press,Beijing.(in Chinese) .

David LM,Howard SG,Mark GM,Stephen JB (2004) Distribution and impacts of introduced freshwater fishes in Western Australia.New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research,38,511-523.

Dong CY (董存有) (1984) An observations of fish biology on Pseudorasbora parva.Fisheries Science & Technology (水产科技),(1),50-53.(in Chinese) .

Elith J,Graham CH,Anderson R,Dudík M,Ferrier S,Guisan A,Hijmans RJ,Huettmann F,Leathwick JR,Lehmann A,Li J,Lohmann LG,Loiselle BA,Manion G,Moritz C,Nakamura M,Nakazawa Y,Overton JMM,Peterson AT,Phillips SJ,Richardson K,Scachetti-Pereira R,Schapire RE,Soberón J,Williams S,Wisz MS,Zimmermann NE (2006) Novel methods improve prediction of species’ distributions from occurrence data.Ecography,29,129-151.

Froese R,Pauly D (2011) FishBase. .

Giovanelli JGR,Haddad CFB,Alexandrino J (2008) Predicting the potential distribution of the alien invasive American bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus) in Brazil.Biological Invasions,10,585-590.

Gozlan RE,Hilaire S,Feist SW,Martin P,Kent ML (2005) Biodiversity:disease threat to European fish.Nature,435,1046.

Gozlan RE,Andreou D,Asaeda T,Beyer K,Bouhadad R,Burnard D,Caiola N,Cakic P,Djikanovic V,Esmaeili HR,Falka I,Golicher D,Harka A,Jeney G,Kovac V,Musil J,Nocita A,Povz M,Poulet N,Virbickas T,Wolter C,Tarkan AS,Tricarico E,Trichkova T,Verreycken H,Witkowski A,Zhang CG,Zweimueller I,Britton JR (2010) Pan-contin- ental invasion of Pseudorasbora parva:towards a better understanding of freshwater fish invasions.Fish and Fisheries,11,315-340.

Hijmans R,Cameron S,Parra J,Jones P,Jarvis A (2004) The WorldClim interpolated global terrestrial climate surfaces.Version 1.3.

Humphrey JD,Ashburner LD (1993) Spread of the bacterial fish pathogen Aeromonas salmonicida after importation of infected goldfish,Carassius auratus,into Australia.Australian Veterinary Journal,70,453-454.

Kalous L,Bohlen J,Rylková K,Petrtyl M (2012) Hidden diversity within the Prussian carp and designation of a neotype for Carassius gibelio (Teleostei:Cyprinidae).Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters,21,11-18.

Kim YU,Myung JG,Han KH,Koh JR (1996) The fish fauna of Namdae Stream in Kangreung,Korea.Journal of the Korean Fisheries Society,29,262-266.

Kolar CS,Lodge DM (2001) Progress in invasion biology:predicting invaders.Trends in Ecology and Evolution,16,199-204.

Kottelat M,Freyhof J (2007) Handbook of European Fresh- water Fishes.Publications Kottelat,Cornol,Switzerland.

Lockwood J,Hoopes M,Marchetti M (2009) Invasion Ecology.Wiley-Blackwell,Oxford.

Lusková V,Lusk S,Hala?ka K,Vete?nik L (2010) Carassius auratus gibelio:the most successful invasive fish in waters of the Czech Republic.Russian Journal of Biological Invasions,1,176-180.

Mack RN,Simberloff D,Lonsdale WM,Evans H,Clout M,Bazzaz FA (2000) Biotic invasions:causes,epidemiology,global consequences,and control.Ecological Applications,10,689-710.

Onikura N,Nakajima J (2013) Age,growth and habitat use of the topmouth gudgeon,Pseudorasbora parva in irrigation ditches on northwestern Kyushu Island,Japan.Journal of Applied Ichthyology,29,186-192.

Pan Y (潘勇),Cao WX (曹文宣),Xu LP (徐立蒲),Yin SR (殷守仁) (2006) History and approach of invasion from domestic and abroad fishes.Journal of Dalian Fisheries University (大连水产学院学报),21,72-77.(in Chinese with English abstract).

Phillips SJ,Anderson RP,Schapire RE (2006) Maximum entropy modeling of species geographic distributions.Ecological Modelling,190,231-259.

Sang WG (桑卫国),Zhu L (朱丽),Ma KP (马克平) (2006) Issues,phenomena and study emphases of alien species invasion in China.Advances in Earth Science (地球科学进展),21,305-312.(in Chinese with English abstract) .

Suarez-Seoane S,de la Morena ELG,Prieto MBM,Osborne PE,de Juana E (2008) Maximum entropy niche-based modelling of seasonal changes in little bustard (Tetrax tetrax) distribution.Ecological Modelling,219,17-29.

Thuiller W,Richardson DM,Pysek P,Midgley GF,Hughes GO,Rouget M (2005) Niche-based modelling as a tool for predicting the risk of alien plant invasions at a global scale.Global Change Biology,11,2234-2250.

Wu XW (伍献文) (1977) The Cyprinid Fishes of China,Vol.2 (中国鲤科鱼类志).Shanghai Science & Technogy Press,Shanghai.(in Chinese).

Xie YH (解玉浩) (2007) Freshwater Fishes in Northeast Region of China (东北地区淡水鱼类).Liaoning Science and Technology Press,Shenyang.(in Chinese).

Xu RM (徐汝梅),Ye WH (叶万辉) (2003) Biological Invasions:Theory and Practice (生物入侵:理论与实践).Science Press,Beijing.(in Chinese).

Yang RB (杨瑞斌),Bian SJ (边书京),Zhou J (周洁),Xie CX (谢从新) (2004) Study on food habits of Pseudorasbora parva in Liangzi Lake.Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University (华中农业大学学报),23,331-334.(in Chinese with English abstract).

Yin MC (殷名称) (1995) Fish Ecology (鱼类生态学).China Agriculture Press,Beijing.(in Chinese).

Yue PQ (乐佩琦) (2000) Fauna Sinica · Osteichthyes ·Cyprini-formes III (中国动物志?硬骨鱼纲?鲤形目(下卷)).Science Press,Beijing.(in Chinese).

Zhang YP (张亚平),Jiang YX (蒋有绪),Zhang RZ (张润志),Sang WG (桑卫国),Chen YF (陈毅峰),Xue DY (薛大勇),Yang JX (杨君兴),Peng H (彭华),Zhang KQ (张克勤) (2009) Biological invasion in China:current situation and countermeasures.Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (中国科学院院刊),24,411-413.(in Chinese)