DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1011.2012.00698

Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture (中国生态农业学报) 2012/20:6 PP.698-702

Agricultural production in Hani Rice Terraces System and related threats — a case study of Zuofu and Mitian Villages in Honghe County, China

The Hani Rice Terraces System (HRTS) is one of the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS) sites approved by FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). With the development of modern agriculture and tourism, HRTS faces several threats especially from the agricultural sector. Using Zuofu and Mitian Villages of Jiayin Town, Honghe County, Yunnan Province as case study, this paper analyzed and compared agricultural planting patterns and management measures based on data obtained from field observations and questioner investigation. Zuofu is a traditional village in Jiayin Town, and Mitian is greatly influenced village by modern culture. The results showed that paddy field accounted for about half of the farmlands in both villages. There were more traditional rice varieties cultivated in Zuofu Village than in Mitian Village. Fertilizer usage in both villages was below average, mainly due to the unique irrigation systems and organic fertilizer management. Thirty percent of farmer households used organic fertilizer. However, less crop straws were returned to the soil to improve soil fertility. Pesticide use in both villages was in the normal range. More herbicides were used in Mitian than in Zuofu. As Zuofu had more labor and conducted more traditional agricultural planting pattern, it benefited more from weed control. The main problems of local agriculture included loss of labor and traditional rice varieties, and increased fertilizer and pesticide application. It was recommended that local managers should pay more attention to these problems and take countermeasures to conserve HRTS and ensure sustainable development of local agriculture.

Key words:Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System, Hani Rice Terraces System, Modern Agriculture, Tourism, Planting pattern, Chemical fertilizer, Pesticides, Straw return to soil

ReleaseDate:2014-07-21 16:24:20

[1] 闵庆文. 农业文化遗产的特点及其保护[J]. 世界环境, 2011(1): 18-19

[2] 闵庆文. 全球重要农业文化遗产—— 一种新的世界遗产类型[J]. 资源科学, 2006, 28(4): 206-208

[3] 李文华, 闵庆文, 孙业红. 自然与文化遗产保护中几个问题的探讨[J]. 地理研究, 2006, 25(4): 561-568

[4] 方丽, 章家恩, 蒋艳萍. 全球重要农业文化遗产—— 青田县稻鱼共生系统保护与可持续发展之思考[J]. 中国农学通报, 2007, 23(2): 389-392

[5] 闵庆文, 张丹, 何露, 等. 中国农业文化遗产研究与保护实践的主要进展[J]. 资源科学, 2011, 33(6): 1018-1024

[6] Koohafkan P, Cruz M J. Conservation and adaptive management of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)[J]. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2011, 2(1): 22-28

[7] Min Q, He L, Zhang D. Agricultural heritage research in China: Progresses and perspectives[J]. Journal of Resource and Ecololgy, 2011, 2(1): 15-21

[8] 陈炜, 金峰, 高艳玲. 近十年来中国农业文化遗产研究述评[J]. 农业考古, 2011(4): 91-95

[9] 闵庆文, 刘珊. “哈尼梯田农业文化遗产及动态保护论坛”综述[J]. 古今农业, 2010(1): 115-117

[10] 闵庆文. 红河哈尼梯田申报世界文化遗产笔谈—— 哈尼梯田的农业文化遗产特征及其保护[J]. 学术探索, 2009(3): 12-14

[11] 尚慧. 丘陵区耕地种植规模与生产效率的关系[D]. 重庆: 西南大学, 2011

[12] 农业部测土配方施肥技术专家组. 2010年主要作物科学施肥指导意见[J]. 农家参谋·种业大观, 2010(6): 16-17